Based on the heuristically generalized perturbation theory (HGPT) adapted to subcritical systems [1], a procedure for online operational monitoring of the subcriticality level of a hybrid fusion-fission system in which an “external” neutron source is generated in a magnetically confined tokamak-type plasma is described. This procedure [2], commonly referred to as power control-based subcriticality monitoring (PCSM), consists of compensating of slow and small movements of a specialized control rod in the nuclear fission zone, previously calibrated using a standard procedure, with equally slow and small alterations of the fusion neutron source. PCSM is verified by solving the multigroup transport equation for the direct flux, as well as for the importance function, associated with normalized fission power [3], and a technique is proposed for modifying the fusion neutron source strength based on plasma compression/expansion. Plasma and confining magnetic field adjustments, needed to implement the PCSM, are estimated with due account of the 0-D-plasma power balance.

Subcriticality monitoring in fusion-fission hybrid reactors / Burgio, N.; Carta, M.; Fabrizio, V.; Falconi, L.; Gandini, A.; Gatto, R.; Peluso, V.; Santoro, E.; Sciarretta, M. B.. - In: VOPROSY ATOMNOJ NAUKI I TEHNIKI. SERIÂ, TERMOÂDERNYJ SINTEZ. - ISSN 0202-3822. - 44:(2021), pp. 27-41. [10.21517/0202-3822]

Subcriticality monitoring in fusion-fission hybrid reactors

N. Burgio;A. Gandini;R. Gatto
Supervision
;
M. B. Sciarretta
2021

Abstract

Based on the heuristically generalized perturbation theory (HGPT) adapted to subcritical systems [1], a procedure for online operational monitoring of the subcriticality level of a hybrid fusion-fission system in which an “external” neutron source is generated in a magnetically confined tokamak-type plasma is described. This procedure [2], commonly referred to as power control-based subcriticality monitoring (PCSM), consists of compensating of slow and small movements of a specialized control rod in the nuclear fission zone, previously calibrated using a standard procedure, with equally slow and small alterations of the fusion neutron source. PCSM is verified by solving the multigroup transport equation for the direct flux, as well as for the importance function, associated with normalized fission power [3], and a technique is proposed for modifying the fusion neutron source strength based on plasma compression/expansion. Plasma and confining magnetic field adjustments, needed to implement the PCSM, are estimated with due account of the 0-D-plasma power balance.
fusion-fission hybrid reactor; subcritical fission core; subcritical multiplication factor; reactivity monitoring
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Subcriticality monitoring in fusion-fission hybrid reactors / Burgio, N.; Carta, M.; Fabrizio, V.; Falconi, L.; Gandini, A.; Gatto, R.; Peluso, V.; Santoro, E.; Sciarretta, M. B.. - In: VOPROSY ATOMNOJ NAUKI I TEHNIKI. SERIÂ, TERMOÂDERNYJ SINTEZ. - ISSN 0202-3822. - 44:(2021), pp. 27-41. [10.21517/0202-3822]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1559702
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