Aim Study of intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) by skin biopsy represents a promising tool in the evaluation of patients with ATTRv polyneuropathy (ATTRv-PN). Herein, we retrospectively analyze intraepidermal innervation and quantitative sensory test (QST) data from an Italian cohort of Italian ATTRv-PN patients and asymptomatic carriers aimed to provide insights into early nerve pathological and functional changes in this disease. Methods IENFD and QST data of 14 ATTRv-PN patients and 14 asymptomatic carriers were retrospectively analyzed together with clinical and paraclinical data such as disease stage and severity, neuropathic pain scales, and sural SNAP amplitude. Results Given an estimated time to the predicted age of onset of symptomatic disease of 20.27 + / − 7.9 years, small nerve fiber loss seems to be unexpectedly early in carriers. Moreover, carriers showed skin denervation at the proximal (thigh) site, suggesting a non-length-dependent neuropathic process. IENFD at ankle correlated with disease severity and other paraclinical variables such as sural nerve potential amplitude and QST parameters. Patients at earlier stages of the disease did not show significant differences in ankle IENFD compared with asymptomatic carriers, but significant differences in terms of QST parameters, small fiber neuropathy symptoms, and neuropathic pain. Conclusions Skin biopsy can disclose an early non-length-dependent small fiber loss in ATTRv-PN and, together with QST, could provide a useful insight disease onset and progression.

Skin biopsy and quantitative sensory assessment in an Italian cohort of ATTRv patients with polyneuropathy and asymptomatic carriers: possible evidence of early non-length dependent denervation / Leonardi, Luca; Galosi, Eleonora; Vanoli, Fiammetta; Fasolino, Alessandra; Di Pietro, Giuseppe; Luigetti, Marco; Sabatelli, Mario; Fionda, Laura; Garibaldi, Matteo; Alfieri, Girolamo; Lauletta, Antonio; Morino, Stefania; Salvetti, Marco; Truini, Andrea; Antonini, Giovanni. - In: NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1590-1874. - (2021). [10.1007/s10072-021-05434-5]

Skin biopsy and quantitative sensory assessment in an Italian cohort of ATTRv patients with polyneuropathy and asymptomatic carriers: possible evidence of early non-length dependent denervation

Leonardi, Luca
;
Galosi, Eleonora;Vanoli, Fiammetta;Fasolino, Alessandra;Di Pietro, Giuseppe;Fionda, Laura;Garibaldi, Matteo;Alfieri, Girolamo;Lauletta, Antonio;Morino, Stefania;Salvetti, Marco;Truini, Andrea;Antonini, Giovanni
2021

Abstract

Aim Study of intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) by skin biopsy represents a promising tool in the evaluation of patients with ATTRv polyneuropathy (ATTRv-PN). Herein, we retrospectively analyze intraepidermal innervation and quantitative sensory test (QST) data from an Italian cohort of Italian ATTRv-PN patients and asymptomatic carriers aimed to provide insights into early nerve pathological and functional changes in this disease. Methods IENFD and QST data of 14 ATTRv-PN patients and 14 asymptomatic carriers were retrospectively analyzed together with clinical and paraclinical data such as disease stage and severity, neuropathic pain scales, and sural SNAP amplitude. Results Given an estimated time to the predicted age of onset of symptomatic disease of 20.27 + / − 7.9 years, small nerve fiber loss seems to be unexpectedly early in carriers. Moreover, carriers showed skin denervation at the proximal (thigh) site, suggesting a non-length-dependent neuropathic process. IENFD at ankle correlated with disease severity and other paraclinical variables such as sural nerve potential amplitude and QST parameters. Patients at earlier stages of the disease did not show significant differences in ankle IENFD compared with asymptomatic carriers, but significant differences in terms of QST parameters, small fiber neuropathy symptoms, and neuropathic pain. Conclusions Skin biopsy can disclose an early non-length-dependent small fiber loss in ATTRv-PN and, together with QST, could provide a useful insight disease onset and progression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1558014
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