The use of plant extracts in pre- and post-harvest disease management of agricultural crops to cope with aflatoxin B1 contamination has shown great promise due to their capability in managing toxins and safe-keeping the quality. We investigated the anti-aflatoxigenic effect of multiple doses of eight plant extracts (Heracleum persicum, Peganum harmala, Crocus sativus, Trachyspermum ammi, Rosmarinus officinalis, Anethum graveolens, Berberis vulgaris, Berberis thunbergii) on Aspergillus flavus via LC-MS and the down-regulatory effect of them on aflR, aflM and aflP genes involved in the aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis pathway using RT-qPCR analyses. Our results showed that H. persicum (4 mg/mL), P. harmala (6 mg/mL) and T. ammi (2 mg/mL) completely stopped the production of aflatoxin B1, without inducing significant changes in A. flavus growth. Furthermore, our findings showed a highly significant correlation between the gene expression and the aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis, such that certain doses of the extracts reduced or blocked the expression of the aflR, aflM and aflP and consequently reduced the synthesis of aflatoxin B1. Interestingly, compared to the regulatory gene (aflR), the down-regulation of expression in the structural genes (aflM and aflP) was more consistent and correlated with the inhibition of aflatoxin B1 production. Overall, this study reveals the anti-aflatoxigenic mechanisms of the selected plant extracts at the gene expression level and provides evidence for their use in plant and crop protection.

The potential of plant-based bioactive compounds on inhibition of aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis and down-regulation of aflR, aflM and aflP genes / Safari, Nassim; Ardakani, Mehran Mirabzadeh; Hemmati, Roghayeh; Parroni, Alessia; Beccaccioli, Marzia; Reverberi, Massimo. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 9:11(2020), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/antibiotics9110728]

The potential of plant-based bioactive compounds on inhibition of aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis and down-regulation of aflR, aflM and aflP genes

Parroni, Alessia;Beccaccioli, Marzia;Reverberi, Massimo
2020

Abstract

The use of plant extracts in pre- and post-harvest disease management of agricultural crops to cope with aflatoxin B1 contamination has shown great promise due to their capability in managing toxins and safe-keeping the quality. We investigated the anti-aflatoxigenic effect of multiple doses of eight plant extracts (Heracleum persicum, Peganum harmala, Crocus sativus, Trachyspermum ammi, Rosmarinus officinalis, Anethum graveolens, Berberis vulgaris, Berberis thunbergii) on Aspergillus flavus via LC-MS and the down-regulatory effect of them on aflR, aflM and aflP genes involved in the aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis pathway using RT-qPCR analyses. Our results showed that H. persicum (4 mg/mL), P. harmala (6 mg/mL) and T. ammi (2 mg/mL) completely stopped the production of aflatoxin B1, without inducing significant changes in A. flavus growth. Furthermore, our findings showed a highly significant correlation between the gene expression and the aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis, such that certain doses of the extracts reduced or blocked the expression of the aflR, aflM and aflP and consequently reduced the synthesis of aflatoxin B1. Interestingly, compared to the regulatory gene (aflR), the down-regulation of expression in the structural genes (aflM and aflP) was more consistent and correlated with the inhibition of aflatoxin B1 production. Overall, this study reveals the anti-aflatoxigenic mechanisms of the selected plant extracts at the gene expression level and provides evidence for their use in plant and crop protection.
2020
aflatoxin B1; aflatoxin biosynthesis; Aspergillus flavus; gene regulation; plant extracts; postharvest disease control
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The potential of plant-based bioactive compounds on inhibition of aflatoxin B1 biosynthesis and down-regulation of aflR, aflM and aflP genes / Safari, Nassim; Ardakani, Mehran Mirabzadeh; Hemmati, Roghayeh; Parroni, Alessia; Beccaccioli, Marzia; Reverberi, Massimo. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 9:11(2020), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/antibiotics9110728]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1554687
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