Purpose: To provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the anatomical characteristics of the pyramidalis muscle (PM). Materials and methods: A thorough systematic search of the literature through August 31st 2020 was conducted on major electronic databases PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science (WOS) to identify studies eligible for inclusion. Data were extracted and pooled into a meta-analysis using MetaFor package in R and MetaXL. A random-effects model was applied. The primary outcome of interest was the prevalence of PM. The secondary outcomes were the dimensions (length and width) of the PM. Results: A total of 11 studies (n = 787 patients; 1548 sides) were included in the meta-analysis. The multinomial pooled prevalence estimate (PPE) for a bilateral absence of the PM was 11.3% (95% CI [7.2%, 16.2%], 82.3% (95% CI [76.2%, 87.6%]) for a bilateral presence, and 6.3% (95% CI [3.3%, 10.2%]) for a unilateral presence. Of four studies (n = 37 patients) that reported the side of a unilateral presence, the PPE of a unilateral right-side presence was 42.2% (95% CI [23.0%, 62.3%]) compared to 57.8% for a unilateral left-side presence (95% CI [37.7%, 77.0%]). The mean length of the PM displayed high levels of heterogeneity, ranging from 3.12 to 12.50 cm. Conclusion: The pyramidalis muscle is a rather constant anatomical structure being present in approximately 90% of individuals.

Anatomical variations of the pyramidalis muscle: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Cirocchi, R.; Cheruiyot, I.; Henry, B. M.; Artico, M.; Gioia, S.; Palumbo, P.; Kipkorir, V.; D'Andrea, V.; Randolph, J.. - In: SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY. - ISSN 0930-1038. - 43:4(2021), pp. 595-605. [10.1007/s00276-020-02622-4]

Anatomical variations of the pyramidalis muscle: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Artico M.;Palumbo P.;D'Andrea V.
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the anatomical characteristics of the pyramidalis muscle (PM). Materials and methods: A thorough systematic search of the literature through August 31st 2020 was conducted on major electronic databases PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science (WOS) to identify studies eligible for inclusion. Data were extracted and pooled into a meta-analysis using MetaFor package in R and MetaXL. A random-effects model was applied. The primary outcome of interest was the prevalence of PM. The secondary outcomes were the dimensions (length and width) of the PM. Results: A total of 11 studies (n = 787 patients; 1548 sides) were included in the meta-analysis. The multinomial pooled prevalence estimate (PPE) for a bilateral absence of the PM was 11.3% (95% CI [7.2%, 16.2%], 82.3% (95% CI [76.2%, 87.6%]) for a bilateral presence, and 6.3% (95% CI [3.3%, 10.2%]) for a unilateral presence. Of four studies (n = 37 patients) that reported the side of a unilateral presence, the PPE of a unilateral right-side presence was 42.2% (95% CI [23.0%, 62.3%]) compared to 57.8% for a unilateral left-side presence (95% CI [37.7%, 77.0%]). The mean length of the PM displayed high levels of heterogeneity, ranging from 3.12 to 12.50 cm. Conclusion: The pyramidalis muscle is a rather constant anatomical structure being present in approximately 90% of individuals.
2021
anatomical variations; morphometry; pyramidalis muscle
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Anatomical variations of the pyramidalis muscle: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Cirocchi, R.; Cheruiyot, I.; Henry, B. M.; Artico, M.; Gioia, S.; Palumbo, P.; Kipkorir, V.; D'Andrea, V.; Randolph, J.. - In: SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY. - ISSN 0930-1038. - 43:4(2021), pp. 595-605. [10.1007/s00276-020-02622-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1553591
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