Nanomedicine has demonstrated a substantial role in vaccine development against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19). Although nanomedicine-based vaccines have now been validated in millions of individuals worldwide in phase 4 and tracking of sex-disaggregated data on COVID-19 is ongoing, immune responses that underlie COVID-19 disease outcomes have not been clarified yet. A full understanding of sex-role effects on the response to nanomedicine products is essential to building an effective and unbiased response to the pandemic. Here, we exposed model lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) to whole blood of 18 healthy donors (10 females and 8 males) and used flow cytometry to measure cellular uptake by circulating leukocytes. Our results demonstrated significant differences in the uptake of LNP between male and female natural killer (NK) cells. The results of this proof-of-concept study show the importance of recipient sex as a critical factor which enables researchers to better consider sex in the development and administration of vaccines for safer and more-efficient sex-specific outcomes.

The possible role of sex as an important factor in development and administration of lipid nanomedicine-based COVID-19 vaccine / Vulpis, Elisabetta; Giulimondi, Francesca; Digiacomo, Luca; Zingoni, Alessandra; Safavi-Sohi, Reihaneh; Sharifi, Shahriar; Caracciolo, Giulio; Mahmoudi, Morteza. - In: MOLECULAR PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1543-8384. - 18:6(2021), pp. 2448-2453. [10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.1c00291]

The possible role of sex as an important factor in development and administration of lipid nanomedicine-based COVID-19 vaccine

Vulpis, Elisabetta;Giulimondi, Francesca;Digiacomo, Luca;Zingoni, Alessandra;Caracciolo, Giulio
;
2021

Abstract

Nanomedicine has demonstrated a substantial role in vaccine development against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19). Although nanomedicine-based vaccines have now been validated in millions of individuals worldwide in phase 4 and tracking of sex-disaggregated data on COVID-19 is ongoing, immune responses that underlie COVID-19 disease outcomes have not been clarified yet. A full understanding of sex-role effects on the response to nanomedicine products is essential to building an effective and unbiased response to the pandemic. Here, we exposed model lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) to whole blood of 18 healthy donors (10 females and 8 males) and used flow cytometry to measure cellular uptake by circulating leukocytes. Our results demonstrated significant differences in the uptake of LNP between male and female natural killer (NK) cells. The results of this proof-of-concept study show the importance of recipient sex as a critical factor which enables researchers to better consider sex in the development and administration of vaccines for safer and more-efficient sex-specific outcomes.
2021
COVID-19; nanomedicine; sex-specific response; vaccine
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The possible role of sex as an important factor in development and administration of lipid nanomedicine-based COVID-19 vaccine / Vulpis, Elisabetta; Giulimondi, Francesca; Digiacomo, Luca; Zingoni, Alessandra; Safavi-Sohi, Reihaneh; Sharifi, Shahriar; Caracciolo, Giulio; Mahmoudi, Morteza. - In: MOLECULAR PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1543-8384. - 18:6(2021), pp. 2448-2453. [10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.1c00291]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1553490
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