INTRODUCTION: The aim of our systematic review was the assessment of effects of excisional treatments for the management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) on pretenn delivery (PD), lower birth weight (LBW), preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) and obstetrical outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A structured search was carried out in PubMed-Medlin, Embase, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases through November 30, 2019. The search included a combination of the following terms: "loop electrosuigical excision procedure (LEEP)," "large loop excision of transformation zone (LLETZ)," "cold-knife conization (CKC)," "laser cervical conization (CLC)," "preterm delivery" and "neonatal outcome." EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Thirty-two of 561 publications considered were included: 28 retrospective series, 2 prospective studies and 2 multicenter trials. Globally in several studies there was a significant increase in PD, measured by the relative risk, in the women underwent a surgical procedure for the CIN. In their majority, the studies were retrospective and therefore a high risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review shows that the surgical treatment of the CM was associated with an increased risk of PD, LBW and pPROM before 37 pregnancy weeks compared to untreated women, especially in a CKC and LLETZ procedure. Moreover, the increase of the of PD was associated with cone size, cervical length, repeated treatment and a short conization-to-pregnancy interval.

Relationship between cervical excisional treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and obstetrical outcome / Monti, Marco; D'Aniello, Debora; Scopelliti, Annalisa; Tibaldi, Valentina; Santangelo, Giusi; Colagiovanni, Vanessa; Giannini, Andrea; DI Donato, Violante; Palaia, Innocenza; Perniola, Giorgia; Giancotti, Antonella; Muzii, Ludovico; Benedetti Panici, Pierluigi. - In: MINERVA OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 2724-6450. - 73:2(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.23736/S0026-4784.20.04678-X]

Relationship between cervical excisional treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and obstetrical outcome

Monti, Marco;D'Aniello, Debora
;
Scopelliti, Annalisa;Tibaldi, Valentina;Santangelo, Giusi;Colagiovanni, Vanessa;Giannini, Andrea;DI Donato, Violante;Palaia, Innocenza;Perniola, Giorgia;Giancotti, Antonella;Muzii, Ludovico;Benedetti Panici, Pierluigi
2021

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of our systematic review was the assessment of effects of excisional treatments for the management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) on pretenn delivery (PD), lower birth weight (LBW), preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) and obstetrical outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A structured search was carried out in PubMed-Medlin, Embase, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases through November 30, 2019. The search included a combination of the following terms: "loop electrosuigical excision procedure (LEEP)," "large loop excision of transformation zone (LLETZ)," "cold-knife conization (CKC)," "laser cervical conization (CLC)," "preterm delivery" and "neonatal outcome." EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Thirty-two of 561 publications considered were included: 28 retrospective series, 2 prospective studies and 2 multicenter trials. Globally in several studies there was a significant increase in PD, measured by the relative risk, in the women underwent a surgical procedure for the CIN. In their majority, the studies were retrospective and therefore a high risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review shows that the surgical treatment of the CM was associated with an increased risk of PD, LBW and pPROM before 37 pregnancy weeks compared to untreated women, especially in a CKC and LLETZ procedure. Moreover, the increase of the of PD was associated with cone size, cervical length, repeated treatment and a short conization-to-pregnancy interval.
2021
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; papillomaviridae; pregnancy
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Relationship between cervical excisional treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and obstetrical outcome / Monti, Marco; D'Aniello, Debora; Scopelliti, Annalisa; Tibaldi, Valentina; Santangelo, Giusi; Colagiovanni, Vanessa; Giannini, Andrea; DI Donato, Violante; Palaia, Innocenza; Perniola, Giorgia; Giancotti, Antonella; Muzii, Ludovico; Benedetti Panici, Pierluigi. - In: MINERVA OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 2724-6450. - 73:2(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.23736/S0026-4784.20.04678-X]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1551465
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