Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive form of gliomas. The development of supplementary approaches for glioblastoma diagnosis, limited to imaging techniques and tissue biopsies so far, is a necessity of clinical relevance. In this context, nanotechnology might afford tools to enable early diagnosis. Upon exposure to biological media, nanoparticles are coated with a layer of proteins, the protein corona (PC), whose composition is individual and personalized. Here we show that the PC of graphene oxide nanosheets has a capacity to detect GBM using a simple one-dimensional gel electrophoresis technique. In a range of molecular weights between 100 and 120 kDa, the personalized PC from GBM patients is completely discernible from that of healthy donors and that of cancer patients affected by pancreatic adenocarcinoma and colorectal cancer. Using tandem mass spectrometry, we found that inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (ITI) heavy chain H4 is enriched in the PC of all tested individuals but not in the GBM patients. Overall, if confirmed on a larger cohort series, this approach could be advantageous at the first level of investigation to decide whether to carry out more invasive analyses and/or to follow up patients after surgery and/or pharmacological treatment.

Protein corona profile of graphene oxide allows detection of glioblastoma multiforme using a simple one-dimensional gel electrophoresis technique. A proof-of-concept study / Di Santo, Riccardo; Quagliarini, Erica; Digiacomo, Luca; Pozzi, Daniela; Di Carlo, Angelina; Caputo, Damiano; Cerrato, Andrea; Montone, Carmela Maria; Mahmoudi, Morteza; Caracciolo, Giulio. - In: BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE. - ISSN 2047-4830. - 9(2021), pp. 4671-4678. [10.1039/d1bm00488c]

Protein corona profile of graphene oxide allows detection of glioblastoma multiforme using a simple one-dimensional gel electrophoresis technique. A proof-of-concept study

Di Santo, Riccardo;Quagliarini, Erica;Digiacomo, Luca;Pozzi, Daniela;Di Carlo, Angelina;Caputo, Damiano;Cerrato, Andrea;Montone, Carmela Maria;Caracciolo, Giulio
2021

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive form of gliomas. The development of supplementary approaches for glioblastoma diagnosis, limited to imaging techniques and tissue biopsies so far, is a necessity of clinical relevance. In this context, nanotechnology might afford tools to enable early diagnosis. Upon exposure to biological media, nanoparticles are coated with a layer of proteins, the protein corona (PC), whose composition is individual and personalized. Here we show that the PC of graphene oxide nanosheets has a capacity to detect GBM using a simple one-dimensional gel electrophoresis technique. In a range of molecular weights between 100 and 120 kDa, the personalized PC from GBM patients is completely discernible from that of healthy donors and that of cancer patients affected by pancreatic adenocarcinoma and colorectal cancer. Using tandem mass spectrometry, we found that inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (ITI) heavy chain H4 is enriched in the PC of all tested individuals but not in the GBM patients. Overall, if confirmed on a larger cohort series, this approach could be advantageous at the first level of investigation to decide whether to carry out more invasive analyses and/or to follow up patients after surgery and/or pharmacological treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1551429
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