A new source of mesenchymal stem cells has recently been discovered, the so-called dental pulp derived stem cells (DPSCs) which therefore could represent potentially tools for regenerative medicine. DPSC originate from the neural crest and are physiologically involved in dentin homeostasis; moreover, they contribute to bone remodeling and differentiation into several tissues including cartilage, bone, adipose and nervous tissues. DPSCs have also been shown to influence the angiogenesis process, for example through the release of secretory factors or by differentiating into vascular and/or perivascular cells. Angiogenesis, that has a pivotal role in tissue regeneration and repair, is defined as the formation of new vessels from preexisting vessels and is mediated by mutual and reciprocal interactions between endothelial cells and perivascular cells. It is also known that co-cultures of perivascular and endothelial cells (ECs) can form a vascular network in vitro and also in vivo. Since DPSCs seem to have characteristics similar to pericytes, understanding the possible mechanism of interaction between DPSCs and ECs during neo-angiogenesis is dramatically important for the development of advanced clinical application in the field of regeneration. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Regenerative potential of DPSCs and revascularization. direct, paracrine or autocrine effect? / Mattei, V.; Martellucci, S.; Pulcini, F.; Santilli, F.; Sorice, M.; Delle Monache, S.. - In: STEM CELL REVIEWS AND REPORTS. - ISSN 2629-3277. - 17:5(2021). [10.1007/s12015-021-10162-6]

Regenerative potential of DPSCs and revascularization. direct, paracrine or autocrine effect?

Martellucci S.;Santilli F.;Sorice M.;
2021

Abstract

A new source of mesenchymal stem cells has recently been discovered, the so-called dental pulp derived stem cells (DPSCs) which therefore could represent potentially tools for regenerative medicine. DPSC originate from the neural crest and are physiologically involved in dentin homeostasis; moreover, they contribute to bone remodeling and differentiation into several tissues including cartilage, bone, adipose and nervous tissues. DPSCs have also been shown to influence the angiogenesis process, for example through the release of secretory factors or by differentiating into vascular and/or perivascular cells. Angiogenesis, that has a pivotal role in tissue regeneration and repair, is defined as the formation of new vessels from preexisting vessels and is mediated by mutual and reciprocal interactions between endothelial cells and perivascular cells. It is also known that co-cultures of perivascular and endothelial cells (ECs) can form a vascular network in vitro and also in vivo. Since DPSCs seem to have characteristics similar to pericytes, understanding the possible mechanism of interaction between DPSCs and ECs during neo-angiogenesis is dramatically important for the development of advanced clinical application in the field of regeneration. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
2021
angiogenesis; dental pulp stem cells; regenerative potential; revascularization; stem cells differentiation
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Regenerative potential of DPSCs and revascularization. direct, paracrine or autocrine effect? / Mattei, V.; Martellucci, S.; Pulcini, F.; Santilli, F.; Sorice, M.; Delle Monache, S.. - In: STEM CELL REVIEWS AND REPORTS. - ISSN 2629-3277. - 17:5(2021). [10.1007/s12015-021-10162-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1548393
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