Many efforts have been made to separate basic compounds, which are challenging to resolve in reversed phase liquid chromatography. In this process, they are strongly retained and the peak shape undergoes significant distortion. The principal origin of this has been identified with the non-negligible interaction with residual deprotonated silanols. Consequently, all solutions that efficiently shield silanols are being sought. This review is an upgrade on the use of the electrostatic repulsion reversed phase (ERRP) approach: retention of bases, in protonated form, can be achieved by modulating the charge repulsion caused by the presence of positive charges in the chromatographic system. This study successfully (i) introduced fixed positive charges in the structure of stationary phases, (ii) used cationic and hydrophobic additives in the mobile phase, and (iii) used the ERRP-like approach employed at the preparative level for peptide purification.

Static vs. dynamic electrostatic repulsion reversed phase liquid chromatography: solutions for pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical basic compounds / Mazzoccanti, Giulia; Gasparrini, Francesco; Calcaterra, Andrea; Villani, Claudio; Ciogli, Alessia. - In: SEPARATIONS. - ISSN 2297-8739. - 8:5(2021). [10.3390/separations8050059]

Static vs. dynamic electrostatic repulsion reversed phase liquid chromatography: solutions for pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical basic compounds

Mazzoccanti, Giulia;Gasparrini, Francesco;Calcaterra, Andrea;Villani, Claudio;Ciogli, Alessia
2021

Abstract

Many efforts have been made to separate basic compounds, which are challenging to resolve in reversed phase liquid chromatography. In this process, they are strongly retained and the peak shape undergoes significant distortion. The principal origin of this has been identified with the non-negligible interaction with residual deprotonated silanols. Consequently, all solutions that efficiently shield silanols are being sought. This review is an upgrade on the use of the electrostatic repulsion reversed phase (ERRP) approach: retention of bases, in protonated form, can be achieved by modulating the charge repulsion caused by the presence of positive charges in the chromatographic system. This study successfully (i) introduced fixed positive charges in the structure of stationary phases, (ii) used cationic and hydrophobic additives in the mobile phase, and (iii) used the ERRP-like approach employed at the preparative level for peptide purification.
basic compounds; static ERRP; dynamic ERRP; hydrophobic cation additive
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Static vs. dynamic electrostatic repulsion reversed phase liquid chromatography: solutions for pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical basic compounds / Mazzoccanti, Giulia; Gasparrini, Francesco; Calcaterra, Andrea; Villani, Claudio; Ciogli, Alessia. - In: SEPARATIONS. - ISSN 2297-8739. - 8:5(2021). [10.3390/separations8050059]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1545851
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