Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase the risk of severe COVID-19; however, the level of potential modulation has not yet been established. The objective of the study was to determine the association between high risk of OSA, comorbidities, and increased risk for COVID-19, hospitalization, and intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional population-based web survey in adults in 14 countries/regions. The survey included sociodemographic variables and comorbidities. Participants were asked questions about COVID-19, hospitalization, and ICU treatment. Standardized questionnaire (STOP questionnaire for high risk of OSA) was included. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted adjusting for various factors. Results Out of 26,539 respondents, 20,598 (35.4% male) completed the survey. Mean age and BMI of participants were 41.5 ± 16.0 years and 24.0 ± 5.0 kg/m2, respectively. The prevalence of physician-diagnosed OSA was 4.1% and high risk of OSA was 9.5%. We found that high risk of OSA (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20, 2.47) and diabetes (aOR 2.07, 95%CI: 1.23, 3.48) were associatedwith reporting of a COVID-19 diagnosis. High risk for OSA (aOR 2.11, 95%CI: 1.10–4.01), beingmale (aOR: 2.82, 95%CI: 1.55–5.12), having diabetes (aOR: 3.93, 95%CI: 1.70–9.12), and having depression (aOR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.15–4.77) were associated with increased risk of hospitalization or ICU treatment. Conclusions Participants at high risk of OSA had increased odds of having COVID-19 and were two times more likely to be hospitalized or treated in ICU.

The association between high risk of sleep apnea, comorbidities, and risk of COVID-19: a population-based international harmonized study / Chung, Frances; Waseem, Rida; Pham, Chi; Penzel, Thomas; Han, Fang; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Morin, Charles M.; Holzinger, Brigitte; Espie, Colin A.; Benedict, Christian; Cedernaes, Jonathan; Saaresranta, Tarja; Wing, Yun Kwok; Nadorff, Michael R.; Dauvilliers, Yves; De Gennaro, Luigi; Plazzi, Guiseppe; Merikanto, Ilona; Matsui, Kentaro; Leger, Damien; Sieminski, Mariusz; Mota-Rolim, Sergio; Inoue, Yuichi; Partinen, Markku. - In: SLEEP & BREATHING. - ISSN 1520-9512. - 25:(2021), pp. 849-860. [10.1007/s11325-021-02373-5]

The association between high risk of sleep apnea, comorbidities, and risk of COVID-19: a population-based international harmonized study

De Gennaro, Luigi;
2021

Abstract

Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may increase the risk of severe COVID-19; however, the level of potential modulation has not yet been established. The objective of the study was to determine the association between high risk of OSA, comorbidities, and increased risk for COVID-19, hospitalization, and intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional population-based web survey in adults in 14 countries/regions. The survey included sociodemographic variables and comorbidities. Participants were asked questions about COVID-19, hospitalization, and ICU treatment. Standardized questionnaire (STOP questionnaire for high risk of OSA) was included. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted adjusting for various factors. Results Out of 26,539 respondents, 20,598 (35.4% male) completed the survey. Mean age and BMI of participants were 41.5 ± 16.0 years and 24.0 ± 5.0 kg/m2, respectively. The prevalence of physician-diagnosed OSA was 4.1% and high risk of OSA was 9.5%. We found that high risk of OSA (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20, 2.47) and diabetes (aOR 2.07, 95%CI: 1.23, 3.48) were associatedwith reporting of a COVID-19 diagnosis. High risk for OSA (aOR 2.11, 95%CI: 1.10–4.01), beingmale (aOR: 2.82, 95%CI: 1.55–5.12), having diabetes (aOR: 3.93, 95%CI: 1.70–9.12), and having depression (aOR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.15–4.77) were associated with increased risk of hospitalization or ICU treatment. Conclusions Participants at high risk of OSA had increased odds of having COVID-19 and were two times more likely to be hospitalized or treated in ICU.
2021
obstructive sleep apnea; COVID-19; STOP questionnaire; diabetes; depression
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The association between high risk of sleep apnea, comorbidities, and risk of COVID-19: a population-based international harmonized study / Chung, Frances; Waseem, Rida; Pham, Chi; Penzel, Thomas; Han, Fang; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Morin, Charles M.; Holzinger, Brigitte; Espie, Colin A.; Benedict, Christian; Cedernaes, Jonathan; Saaresranta, Tarja; Wing, Yun Kwok; Nadorff, Michael R.; Dauvilliers, Yves; De Gennaro, Luigi; Plazzi, Guiseppe; Merikanto, Ilona; Matsui, Kentaro; Leger, Damien; Sieminski, Mariusz; Mota-Rolim, Sergio; Inoue, Yuichi; Partinen, Markku. - In: SLEEP & BREATHING. - ISSN 1520-9512. - 25:(2021), pp. 849-860. [10.1007/s11325-021-02373-5]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1544101
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