Photovoltaic panels were included in EU Directive as WEEE (Wastes of Electric and Electronic Equipment) requiring the implementation of dedicated collection schemes and end-of-life treatment ensuring targets in terms of recycling rate (80%) and recovery rate (85%). Photovoltaic panels are mainly made up of high-quality solar glass (70–90%), but also metals are present in the frames (Al), the cell (Si), and metallic contacts (Cu and Ag). According to the panel composition, about $72 per 100 kg of panels can be recovered by entirely recycling the panel metal content. The PhotoLife process for the treatment of end-of-life photovoltaic panels was demonstrated at pilot scale to recycle high value glass, Al and Cu scraps. A process upgrade is here reported allowing for polymer separation and Ag and Si recycling. By this advanced PhotoLife process, 82% recycling rate, 94% recovery rate, and 75% recoverable value were attained. Simulations demonstrated the economic feasibility of the process at processing capacity of 30,000 metric ton/y of end-of-life photovoltaic panels.

Development and Techno-Economic Analysis of an Advanced Recycling Process for Photovoltaic Panels Enabling Polymer Separation and Recovery of Ag and Si / Rubino, Antonio; Granata, Giuseppe; Moscardini, Emanuela; Baldassari, Ludovica; Altimari, Pietro; Toro, Luigi; Pagnanelli, Francesca. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 13:24(2020), p. 1. [10.3390/en13246690]

Development and Techno-Economic Analysis of an Advanced Recycling Process for Photovoltaic Panels Enabling Polymer Separation and Recovery of Ag and Si

Rubino, Antonio;Granata, Giuseppe;Moscardini, Emanuela;Altimari, Pietro;Toro, Luigi;Pagnanelli, Francesca
2020

Abstract

Photovoltaic panels were included in EU Directive as WEEE (Wastes of Electric and Electronic Equipment) requiring the implementation of dedicated collection schemes and end-of-life treatment ensuring targets in terms of recycling rate (80%) and recovery rate (85%). Photovoltaic panels are mainly made up of high-quality solar glass (70–90%), but also metals are present in the frames (Al), the cell (Si), and metallic contacts (Cu and Ag). According to the panel composition, about $72 per 100 kg of panels can be recovered by entirely recycling the panel metal content. The PhotoLife process for the treatment of end-of-life photovoltaic panels was demonstrated at pilot scale to recycle high value glass, Al and Cu scraps. A process upgrade is here reported allowing for polymer separation and Ag and Si recycling. By this advanced PhotoLife process, 82% recycling rate, 94% recovery rate, and 75% recoverable value were attained. Simulations demonstrated the economic feasibility of the process at processing capacity of 30,000 metric ton/y of end-of-life photovoltaic panels.
end of life photovoltaic panels; polymers recycling; metals recycling; process simulation; SuperPro Designer
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Development and Techno-Economic Analysis of an Advanced Recycling Process for Photovoltaic Panels Enabling Polymer Separation and Recovery of Ag and Si / Rubino, Antonio; Granata, Giuseppe; Moscardini, Emanuela; Baldassari, Ludovica; Altimari, Pietro; Toro, Luigi; Pagnanelli, Francesca. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 13:24(2020), p. 1. [10.3390/en13246690]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1540895
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