The influence of two different fluoride-based activator salts (NH4F and AlF3) was studied for diffusion aluminide coatings obtained via pack cementation on a Ni-based superalloy (René 108DS). The resistance to oxidation and hot corrosion was assessed as a function of the concentration of activator salts used during the synthesis process by means of pack cementation. Two different concentrations were selected for activator salts (respecting the equimolarity of fluoride in the synthesis) and the obtained diffusion coatings were compared in terms of morphology, thickness and composition, as well as in terms of microstructural evolution after high temperature exposure. Isothermal oxidation tests were conducted at 1050 C in air for 100 h in a tubular furnace. The oxidation kinetics were evaluated by measuring the weight variation with exposure time. The microstructural evolution induced by the high temperature exposure was investigated by SEM microscopy, EDS analysis and X-ray diffraction. Results showed that the coatings obtained with AlF3 activator salt are thicker than those obtained using NH4F as a consequence of different growth mechanism during pack-cementation. Despite this evidence, it was found that the NH4F coatings show a better oxidation resistance, both in terms of total mass gain and of quality of the microstructure of the thermally grown oxide. On the other hand, coatings produced with high concentration of AlF3 exhibited a better resistance in hot corrosion conditions, showing negligible mass variations after 200 h of high temperature exposure to aggressive NaCl and Na2SO4 salts.

Diffusion aluminide coatings for hot corrosion and oxidation protection of nickel-based superalloys. Effect of fluoride-based activator salts / Genova, Virgilio; Paglia, Laura; Pulci, Giovanni; Bartuli, Cecilia; Marra, Francesco. - In: COATINGS. - ISSN 2079-6412. - 11:4(2021). [10.3390/coatings11040412]

Diffusion aluminide coatings for hot corrosion and oxidation protection of nickel-based superalloys. Effect of fluoride-based activator salts

Genova, Virgilio;Paglia, Laura;Pulci, Giovanni;Bartuli, Cecilia
;
Marra, Francesco
2021

Abstract

The influence of two different fluoride-based activator salts (NH4F and AlF3) was studied for diffusion aluminide coatings obtained via pack cementation on a Ni-based superalloy (René 108DS). The resistance to oxidation and hot corrosion was assessed as a function of the concentration of activator salts used during the synthesis process by means of pack cementation. Two different concentrations were selected for activator salts (respecting the equimolarity of fluoride in the synthesis) and the obtained diffusion coatings were compared in terms of morphology, thickness and composition, as well as in terms of microstructural evolution after high temperature exposure. Isothermal oxidation tests were conducted at 1050 C in air for 100 h in a tubular furnace. The oxidation kinetics were evaluated by measuring the weight variation with exposure time. The microstructural evolution induced by the high temperature exposure was investigated by SEM microscopy, EDS analysis and X-ray diffraction. Results showed that the coatings obtained with AlF3 activator salt are thicker than those obtained using NH4F as a consequence of different growth mechanism during pack-cementation. Despite this evidence, it was found that the NH4F coatings show a better oxidation resistance, both in terms of total mass gain and of quality of the microstructure of the thermally grown oxide. On the other hand, coatings produced with high concentration of AlF3 exhibited a better resistance in hot corrosion conditions, showing negligible mass variations after 200 h of high temperature exposure to aggressive NaCl and Na2SO4 salts.
2021
diffusion aluminide; gas turbines; hot corrosion; isothermal oxidation; activator salt; superalloys
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Diffusion aluminide coatings for hot corrosion and oxidation protection of nickel-based superalloys. Effect of fluoride-based activator salts / Genova, Virgilio; Paglia, Laura; Pulci, Giovanni; Bartuli, Cecilia; Marra, Francesco. - In: COATINGS. - ISSN 2079-6412. - 11:4(2021). [10.3390/coatings11040412]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1530150
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