The late Eocene-middle Miocene erosive plate boundary between the European and the Adriatic plates is exhumed in the Northem Apennines of Italy. The fossil fault zone is 500 m thick and the outcropping portion exposes the :first 5 km of its depth. At this plate boundary basai and frontal tectonic erosion incorporated unlithified, fluid-rich sediments into the fault zone. The deformation and nature of the material along the plate boundary define a fossil subduction channel. Here we couple a detailed structural analysis of the Apennine subduction channel, focusing, in particular, on calcite veins, with a stable isotope analysis to characterize the fluid regime along an active subduction channel. The 13C and 180 composition of calcite vein and host rock samples within the fault zone indicates that there is a deep metamorphic source of fluids migrating upward along the subduction channel, in addition to locally derived fluid components. Dewatering of subducting turbidites contributes significantly only in the shallowest part of the channel. Structural observations indicate fluid flow along and across the subduction channel. At deep levels fluid flow is associated with discrete deformation events on shear faults offset by dilational jogs :filled with implosion breccias. At intennediate levels deformation is stili cyclic and associated with repeated crack-and-seal events. At the shallowest levels deformation occurred, while portions of the subducting material were stili unlithi:fied. Here the deformation was quasicontinuous, without associated vein development. Both isotope and structural analyses indicate that this erosive subduction channel behaved as a weak: fault with a vertical maximum principal stress

Fluid history related to the early Eocene-middle Miocene convergent system of the Northern Apennines (Italy). Constraints from structural and isotopic studies / Vannucchi, P; Remitti, F; Bettelli, G; Boschi, C; Dallai, L. - In: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH. - ISSN 0148-0227. - 115:(2010). [10.1029/2009JB006590]

Fluid history related to the early Eocene-middle Miocene convergent system of the Northern Apennines (Italy). Constraints from structural and isotopic studies

Dallai L
2010

Abstract

The late Eocene-middle Miocene erosive plate boundary between the European and the Adriatic plates is exhumed in the Northem Apennines of Italy. The fossil fault zone is 500 m thick and the outcropping portion exposes the :first 5 km of its depth. At this plate boundary basai and frontal tectonic erosion incorporated unlithified, fluid-rich sediments into the fault zone. The deformation and nature of the material along the plate boundary define a fossil subduction channel. Here we couple a detailed structural analysis of the Apennine subduction channel, focusing, in particular, on calcite veins, with a stable isotope analysis to characterize the fluid regime along an active subduction channel. The 13C and 180 composition of calcite vein and host rock samples within the fault zone indicates that there is a deep metamorphic source of fluids migrating upward along the subduction channel, in addition to locally derived fluid components. Dewatering of subducting turbidites contributes significantly only in the shallowest part of the channel. Structural observations indicate fluid flow along and across the subduction channel. At deep levels fluid flow is associated with discrete deformation events on shear faults offset by dilational jogs :filled with implosion breccias. At intennediate levels deformation is stili cyclic and associated with repeated crack-and-seal events. At the shallowest levels deformation occurred, while portions of the subducting material were stili unlithi:fied. Here the deformation was quasicontinuous, without associated vein development. Both isotope and structural analyses indicate that this erosive subduction channel behaved as a weak: fault with a vertical maximum principal stress
Oxygen isotopes; fluids; Appennine; veins
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Fluid history related to the early Eocene-middle Miocene convergent system of the Northern Apennines (Italy). Constraints from structural and isotopic studies / Vannucchi, P; Remitti, F; Bettelli, G; Boschi, C; Dallai, L. - In: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH. - ISSN 0148-0227. - 115:(2010). [10.1029/2009JB006590]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1528753
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