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|Titolo:||FLOW CYTOMETRIC EVALUATION OF NITRO BLUE TETRAZOLIUM (NBT) REDUCTION IN HUMAN POLYMORPHONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES|
|Autori interni:||D'AMELIO, Raffaele|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Abstract:||Oxidative metabolic burst of activated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) is most commonly investigated in clinical practice by evaluating nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction at the single cell level. Reduced NBT precipitates where the redox reaction has taken place and can be visualized as PMN-associated dark blue granules of formazan in light microscopy. Although widely used and not technically demanding, this method remains subjective and labor intensive, especially when large numbers of samples need to be investigated. We developed a new flow cytometry technique in which PMN membrane was rendered fluorescent by a short incubation with fluorescein-conjugated Concanavalin A. PMN were then incubated with NBT and increasing doses of a suitable stimulus, such as phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Formazan has a distinct peak of absorption at 520 nm that represents the peak of emission of fluorescein. As a consequence, formazan quenches the PMN-associated fluorescence. Data show that a dose-dependent reduction of fluorescence can be obtained using graded amounts of PMA in normal PMN cultures. PMN-associated fluorescence remains unchanged in control patients with chronic granulomatous (CGD) disease, a disorder characterized by a selective impairment of PMN oxidative metabolism. Electronic cell size increases upon PMA incubation in normal PMN, irrespective of the presence of NBT. Controversely, forward light scatter intensity decreases in the presence, but not in the absence, of NBT indicating that the phenomen is due to the capacity of formazan to absorb/scatter the incident light. The present method for easily detecting NBT reducing activity at single cell level by flow cytometry makes use of commonly available, inexpensive reagents and standard instrumentation. It could become a useful test for clinical purposes.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.a Pubblicazione su Rivista|
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