Objectives: To evaluate, in a prospective study, high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) changes of nerve segments in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and their relationships with clinical and electrodiagnostic (EDX) characteristics. Methods: Twenty-three consecutive patients with CIDP were included in a 3-year follow-up (FU) study. Each patient underwent neurologic examination, EDX and HRUS study. HRUS was performed on median, ulnar and peroneal nerves, yielding a total of 319 scanned nerve segments. INCAT and MRC-sum scores, motor nerve conduction velocity (NCV), compound muscle action potential (cMAP) amplitude, and nerve cross-sectional area (NCSA) were collected at baseline and at FU end, and were used for statistical analysis. Twenty-two healthy individuals, matched to patients for age and BMI, served as controls. Results: NCSA was higher in patients than in controls (p < 0.0001) and showed significant direct correlation with disease severity, and inverse correlation with NCV and cMAP amplitude, both at baseline and at FU end. Disease duration, clinical scores and EDX were predictors of NCSA enlargement at both time points. During FU, NCSA increased in 51% of nerve segments (p = 0.006), in correlation with INCAT increase and with NCV and cMAP reduction. Considering EDX changes in subgroups that reflect the different types of nerve damage, NCSA significantly increased in those nerve segments that from normal EDX switched to prevalent myelinopathic EDX characteristics. Conclusions: Peripheral nerve size tends to increase over time in patients with CIDP, in correlation with clinical and EDX changes, in particular in those nerve segments that undergo a predominantly demyelinating damage.

Changes of clinical, neurophysiological and nerve ultrasound characteristics in CIDP over time: a 3-year follow-up / Fionda, L.; Di Pasquale, A.; Morino, S.; Leonardi, L.; Vanoli, F.; Loreti, S.; Garibaldi, M.; Lauletta, A.; Alfieri, G.; Bucci, E.; Salvetti, M.; Antonini, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5354. - (2021). [10.1007/s00415-021-10485-x]

Changes of clinical, neurophysiological and nerve ultrasound characteristics in CIDP over time: a 3-year follow-up

Fionda L.;Di Pasquale A.;Morino S.;Leonardi L.;Vanoli F.;Loreti S.;Garibaldi M.;Lauletta A.;Alfieri G.;Bucci E.;Salvetti M.;Antonini G.
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate, in a prospective study, high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) changes of nerve segments in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and their relationships with clinical and electrodiagnostic (EDX) characteristics. Methods: Twenty-three consecutive patients with CIDP were included in a 3-year follow-up (FU) study. Each patient underwent neurologic examination, EDX and HRUS study. HRUS was performed on median, ulnar and peroneal nerves, yielding a total of 319 scanned nerve segments. INCAT and MRC-sum scores, motor nerve conduction velocity (NCV), compound muscle action potential (cMAP) amplitude, and nerve cross-sectional area (NCSA) were collected at baseline and at FU end, and were used for statistical analysis. Twenty-two healthy individuals, matched to patients for age and BMI, served as controls. Results: NCSA was higher in patients than in controls (p < 0.0001) and showed significant direct correlation with disease severity, and inverse correlation with NCV and cMAP amplitude, both at baseline and at FU end. Disease duration, clinical scores and EDX were predictors of NCSA enlargement at both time points. During FU, NCSA increased in 51% of nerve segments (p = 0.006), in correlation with INCAT increase and with NCV and cMAP reduction. Considering EDX changes in subgroups that reflect the different types of nerve damage, NCSA significantly increased in those nerve segments that from normal EDX switched to prevalent myelinopathic EDX characteristics. Conclusions: Peripheral nerve size tends to increase over time in patients with CIDP, in correlation with clinical and EDX changes, in particular in those nerve segments that undergo a predominantly demyelinating damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1526240
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