Aims: Microvascular complications' risk differs between people with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and people with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate whether the prevalence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy, a life-threatening complication of diabetes, also varies depending on diabetes type. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 43 adults with LADA, 80 with type 1 diabetes and 61 with type 2 diabetes were screened for cardiac autonomic neuropathy with recommended tests. Logistic regression models were used to test differences between diabetes types adjusting for confounders. Results: Cardiac autonomic neuropathy was diagnosed in 17 (40%) participants with LADA, 21 (26%) participants with type 1 diabetes and 39 (64%) participants with type 2 diabetes (p < 0.001). The odds ratio (OR) for cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes and in type 2 diabetes compared to LADA were 0.54 (95% CI: 0.25–1.20, p-value: 0.13) and 2.71 (95% CI: 1.21–6.06, p-value 0.015) respectively. Smoking (adjOR 3.09, 95% CI: 1.40–6.82, p-value: 0.005), HDL cholesterol (adjOR 0.29, 95% CI: 0.09–0.93, p-value: 0.037) and hypertension (adjOR 2.11, 95% CI: 1.05–4.24, p-value: 0.037) were independent modifiable risk factors for cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Differences among diabetes types did not change after correction for confounders. Conclusions: This is the first study offering a comparative evaluation of cardiac autonomic neuropathy among LADA, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, showing a lower risk of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in LADA compared to type 2 diabetes and similar compared to type 1 diabetes. This disparity was not due to differences in age, metabolic control or cardiovascular risk factors.

Risk of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in latent autoimmune diabetes in adults is similar to type 1 diabetes and lower compared to type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional study / Maddaloni, E.; Moretti, C.; Del Toro, R.; Sterpetti, S.; Ievolella, M. V.; Arnesano, G.; Strollo, R.; Briganti, S. I.; D'Onofrio, L.; Pozzilli, P.; Buzzetti, R.. - In: DIABETIC MEDICINE. - ISSN 0742-3071. - 38:2(2021), pp. 1-9. [10.1111/dme.14455]

Risk of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in latent autoimmune diabetes in adults is similar to type 1 diabetes and lower compared to type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional study

Maddaloni E.
;
Moretti C.;Sterpetti S.;D'Onofrio L.;Pozzilli P.;Buzzetti R.
2021

Abstract

Aims: Microvascular complications' risk differs between people with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and people with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate whether the prevalence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy, a life-threatening complication of diabetes, also varies depending on diabetes type. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 43 adults with LADA, 80 with type 1 diabetes and 61 with type 2 diabetes were screened for cardiac autonomic neuropathy with recommended tests. Logistic regression models were used to test differences between diabetes types adjusting for confounders. Results: Cardiac autonomic neuropathy was diagnosed in 17 (40%) participants with LADA, 21 (26%) participants with type 1 diabetes and 39 (64%) participants with type 2 diabetes (p < 0.001). The odds ratio (OR) for cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes and in type 2 diabetes compared to LADA were 0.54 (95% CI: 0.25–1.20, p-value: 0.13) and 2.71 (95% CI: 1.21–6.06, p-value 0.015) respectively. Smoking (adjOR 3.09, 95% CI: 1.40–6.82, p-value: 0.005), HDL cholesterol (adjOR 0.29, 95% CI: 0.09–0.93, p-value: 0.037) and hypertension (adjOR 2.11, 95% CI: 1.05–4.24, p-value: 0.037) were independent modifiable risk factors for cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Differences among diabetes types did not change after correction for confounders. Conclusions: This is the first study offering a comparative evaluation of cardiac autonomic neuropathy among LADA, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, showing a lower risk of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in LADA compared to type 2 diabetes and similar compared to type 1 diabetes. This disparity was not due to differences in age, metabolic control or cardiovascular risk factors.
cardiac autonomic neuropathy; diabetes heterogeneity; latent autoimmune diabetes in adults
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Risk of cardiac autonomic neuropathy in latent autoimmune diabetes in adults is similar to type 1 diabetes and lower compared to type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional study / Maddaloni, E.; Moretti, C.; Del Toro, R.; Sterpetti, S.; Ievolella, M. V.; Arnesano, G.; Strollo, R.; Briganti, S. I.; D'Onofrio, L.; Pozzilli, P.; Buzzetti, R.. - In: DIABETIC MEDICINE. - ISSN 0742-3071. - 38:2(2021), pp. 1-9. [10.1111/dme.14455]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1521681
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