The study regards 4-nitrophenol removal performed in a lab-scale sequential batch reactor with an integrated aerobic-anoxic cycle. The purpose of the study was to examine the kinetics of 4-nitrophenol biological oxidation and denitrification in order to test the feasibility of the proposed technological solution for xenobiotic removal. The results obtained show that high removal efficiency of 4-nitrophenol is easily achieved when the compound is fed into the reactor as the sole carbon source. Residual concentrations of 4-nitrophenol and nitrous/nitric nitrogen in the effluent lower than 1 mg L -1 were observed in the range of applied feed concentration (200-320 mg L -1). Low concentrations of dissolved oxygen (≤2 mg L -1) in the feed and aerobic phases lead to appreciable simultaneous denitrification. As regards the denitrification process, while no carbon-limiting effects were observed at COD/N ratios ≥ 3, a significant decrease in the rate of denitrification is detected for COD/N ratios ≤ 2. The denitrification rate obtained in tests with no external carbon addition proved very low and unsuitable for practical application. A model of the denitrification process taking into account both the limiting effect of nitrogen and carbonaceous substrate has been proposed and applied for experimental data correlation. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
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|Titolo:||4-Nitrophenol biodegradation in a sequencing batch reactor operating with aerobic-anoxic cycles|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|