The discrimination of d-galactosamine (G), representative of the amino-sugar class of compounds, has been probed through nano-ESI-FT-ICR mass spectrometry by isolating the relevant [C·H·G]+ proton-bound complexes with the enantiomers of the cyclochiral resorcin[4]arene C and allowing them to react toward three primary amines (B = EtNH2, iPrNH2, and (R)- and (S)-sBuNH2). The system under investigation presents several features that help to unveil the behavior of unprotected G in such a supramolecular architecture: (i) the hydrophobic derivatization of the C convex side forces the polar guest G to be coordinated by the cyclochiral concave region; (ii) protonated d-galactosamine exists as an anomeric mixture, dynamically interconverting throughout the experimental time-window; and (iii) different basicities of B allow the experiment to subtly tune the reactivity of the [C·H·G]+ complexes. Three [C·H·G]+ aggregate-types were found to exist, differing in both their origin and reactivity. The most reactive adducts ([C·H·G]ESI+), generated in the electrospray environment, undergo a G-to-B ligand exchange in competition with a partial isomerization to the unreactive [C·H·G]GAS+-type complexes. Finally, the poorly reactive [C·H·G]SOL+ aggregates are formed in solution over an hours-long time scale. A cyclochirality effect on the reactivity was found to depend on the considered [C·H·G]+ aggregate-type.

Unprotected Galactosamine as a Dynamic Key for a Cyclochiral Lock / Fraschetti, Caterina; Letzel, Matthias C; Paletta, Marlene; Mattay, Jochen; Crestoni, Maria Elisa; Chiavarino, Barbara; Filippi, Antonello. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY. - ISSN 1044-0305. - 32:3(2021), pp. 736-743. [10.1021/jasms.0c00437]

Unprotected Galactosamine as a Dynamic Key for a Cyclochiral Lock

Fraschetti, Caterina
Primo
Investigation
;
Crestoni, Maria Elisa;Chiavarino, Barbara;Filippi, Antonello
Conceptualization
2021

Abstract

The discrimination of d-galactosamine (G), representative of the amino-sugar class of compounds, has been probed through nano-ESI-FT-ICR mass spectrometry by isolating the relevant [C·H·G]+ proton-bound complexes with the enantiomers of the cyclochiral resorcin[4]arene C and allowing them to react toward three primary amines (B = EtNH2, iPrNH2, and (R)- and (S)-sBuNH2). The system under investigation presents several features that help to unveil the behavior of unprotected G in such a supramolecular architecture: (i) the hydrophobic derivatization of the C convex side forces the polar guest G to be coordinated by the cyclochiral concave region; (ii) protonated d-galactosamine exists as an anomeric mixture, dynamically interconverting throughout the experimental time-window; and (iii) different basicities of B allow the experiment to subtly tune the reactivity of the [C·H·G]+ complexes. Three [C·H·G]+ aggregate-types were found to exist, differing in both their origin and reactivity. The most reactive adducts ([C·H·G]ESI+), generated in the electrospray environment, undergo a G-to-B ligand exchange in competition with a partial isomerization to the unreactive [C·H·G]GAS+-type complexes. Finally, the poorly reactive [C·H·G]SOL+ aggregates are formed in solution over an hours-long time scale. A cyclochirality effect on the reactivity was found to depend on the considered [C·H·G]+ aggregate-type.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1504400
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