Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on the shoulder and elbow trauma in a skeletally immature population in 30 days starting from March 8, 2020, the first day of restrictions in Italy, and to compare it with the same period of2019.Materials and methods: All the skeletally immature (younger than 18 years) patients managed in the emergency unit of our hospital between March 8, 2020, and April 8, 2020 (COVID-19 [C19] period), for a shoulder and elbow trauma were retrospectively included and compared with patients with similar ages admitted in the same period of 2019 (no COVID-19 period). Six categories of diagnosis were distinguished: (1) contusions, (2) no physeal fractures, (3) physeal fractures (Salter-Harris), (4) sprains/subluxations, (5) dislocations, and (6) others (tendinitis, wounds, low back pain, and joint inflammation). According to the mechanism of injury, we arbitrarily distinguished 5 subgroups: (1) accidental fall; (2) sport trauma; (3) accident at school; (4) high-energy trauma occurred by car, public transport, and pedestrian investment; and (5) fall from height.Results: During the C19 period, the number of total accesses in our trauma center steeply decreased: two-thirds less. Regardless of the patient age, we performed 65% less first aid shoulder/elbow services. The number of skeletally immature patients treated at our trauma center for all types of injuries was 350 during the no COVID-19 period and 54 during the C19 period; therefore, the influx of pediatric patients during the C19 period decreased by 84.6%. Furthermore, during the C19 period, (1) there were no cases of fractures, physeal fractures, and dislocations of the shoulder; (2) there were no cases of contusion, physeal fractures, and dislocations of the elbow; and (3) we observed the absence of high-energy, sports, and school injuries; and (4) during the pandemic, shoulder and elbow injuries mainly occurred as a result of accidental fall at home.Conclusions: The pandemic forced us to become aware of the ways and places where skeletally immature subjects report shoulder and elbow traumas; therefore, it would be desirable that more considerable attention be directed toward the prevention of injury in areas at risk.

The impact of COVID-19 on shoulder and elbow trauma in a skeletally immature population: an Italian survey / Gumina, Stefano; Proietti, Riccardo; Villani, Ciro; Carbone, Stefano; Candela, Vittorio. - 5:1(2021), pp. 3-8. [10.1016/j.jseint.2020.08.003]

The impact of COVID-19 on shoulder and elbow trauma in a skeletally immature population: an Italian survey

Gumina, Stefano;Proietti, Riccardo;Villani, Ciro;Carbone, Stefano;Candela, Vittorio
2021

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on the shoulder and elbow trauma in a skeletally immature population in 30 days starting from March 8, 2020, the first day of restrictions in Italy, and to compare it with the same period of2019.Materials and methods: All the skeletally immature (younger than 18 years) patients managed in the emergency unit of our hospital between March 8, 2020, and April 8, 2020 (COVID-19 [C19] period), for a shoulder and elbow trauma were retrospectively included and compared with patients with similar ages admitted in the same period of 2019 (no COVID-19 period). Six categories of diagnosis were distinguished: (1) contusions, (2) no physeal fractures, (3) physeal fractures (Salter-Harris), (4) sprains/subluxations, (5) dislocations, and (6) others (tendinitis, wounds, low back pain, and joint inflammation). According to the mechanism of injury, we arbitrarily distinguished 5 subgroups: (1) accidental fall; (2) sport trauma; (3) accident at school; (4) high-energy trauma occurred by car, public transport, and pedestrian investment; and (5) fall from height.Results: During the C19 period, the number of total accesses in our trauma center steeply decreased: two-thirds less. Regardless of the patient age, we performed 65% less first aid shoulder/elbow services. The number of skeletally immature patients treated at our trauma center for all types of injuries was 350 during the no COVID-19 period and 54 during the C19 period; therefore, the influx of pediatric patients during the C19 period decreased by 84.6%. Furthermore, during the C19 period, (1) there were no cases of fractures, physeal fractures, and dislocations of the shoulder; (2) there were no cases of contusion, physeal fractures, and dislocations of the elbow; and (3) we observed the absence of high-energy, sports, and school injuries; and (4) during the pandemic, shoulder and elbow injuries mainly occurred as a result of accidental fall at home.Conclusions: The pandemic forced us to become aware of the ways and places where skeletally immature subjects report shoulder and elbow traumas; therefore, it would be desirable that more considerable attention be directed toward the prevention of injury in areas at risk.
2021
COVID-19 and pediatric shoulder and elbow trauma; COVID-19 impact on pediatric traumatology; COVID-19 orthopedic; COVID-19 pandemic; COVID-19 traumatology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The impact of COVID-19 on shoulder and elbow trauma in a skeletally immature population: an Italian survey / Gumina, Stefano; Proietti, Riccardo; Villani, Ciro; Carbone, Stefano; Candela, Vittorio. - 5:1(2021), pp. 3-8. [10.1016/j.jseint.2020.08.003]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1496919
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