Introduction: Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of cholelithiasis. Despite the success of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a minimally invasive approach to gallstone disease, MS remains a challenge, also for open and robotic approaches, due to the subverted anatomy of the hepatocystic triangle. Moreover, when emergency surgery is needed, the optimal preoperative diagnostic assessment could not be always achievable. We aim to analyze our experience of MS treated in emergency and to assess the feasibility of a diagnostic and therapeutic decisional algorithm. Methods: From March 2006 to February 2016, all patients with a preoperative diagnosis, or an intraoperative evidence of MS, were retrospectively analyzed at our Academic Hospital, including patients operated on in emergency or in deferred urgency. Eighteen patients were included in the study using exclusion criteria and were treated in elective surgery. Results: The patients were distributed according to modified Csendes' classification: type I in 15 cases, type II in 2, type III in 0, type IV in 1, and type V in 0. In the type I group, diagnosis was intraoperatively performed. Laparoscopic approach was performed with cholecystectomy or subtotal cholecystectomy, when the hepatocystic triangle dissection was hazardous. Patients with preoperative diagnosis of acute abdomen and MS type IV were directly managed by open approach. Conclusions: Diagnosis of MS and the therapeutic management of MS are still a challenge, mostly in an emergency setting. Waiting for standardized guidelines, we propose a decisional algorithm in emergency, especially in nonspecialized centeres of hepatobiliary surgery.

Management of Mirizzi syndrome in emergency / Testini, M.; Sgaramella, L. I.; De Luca, G. M.; Pasculli, A.; Gurrado, A.; Biondi, A.; Piccinni, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC & ADVANCED SURGICAL TECHNIQUES. - ISSN 1092-6429. - 27:1(2017), pp. 28-32. [10.1089/lap.2016.0315]

Management of Mirizzi syndrome in emergency

Testini M.
;
Sgaramella L. I.;
2017

Abstract

Introduction: Mirizzi syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of cholelithiasis. Despite the success of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a minimally invasive approach to gallstone disease, MS remains a challenge, also for open and robotic approaches, due to the subverted anatomy of the hepatocystic triangle. Moreover, when emergency surgery is needed, the optimal preoperative diagnostic assessment could not be always achievable. We aim to analyze our experience of MS treated in emergency and to assess the feasibility of a diagnostic and therapeutic decisional algorithm. Methods: From March 2006 to February 2016, all patients with a preoperative diagnosis, or an intraoperative evidence of MS, were retrospectively analyzed at our Academic Hospital, including patients operated on in emergency or in deferred urgency. Eighteen patients were included in the study using exclusion criteria and were treated in elective surgery. Results: The patients were distributed according to modified Csendes' classification: type I in 15 cases, type II in 2, type III in 0, type IV in 1, and type V in 0. In the type I group, diagnosis was intraoperatively performed. Laparoscopic approach was performed with cholecystectomy or subtotal cholecystectomy, when the hepatocystic triangle dissection was hazardous. Patients with preoperative diagnosis of acute abdomen and MS type IV were directly managed by open approach. Conclusions: Diagnosis of MS and the therapeutic management of MS are still a challenge, mostly in an emergency setting. Waiting for standardized guidelines, we propose a decisional algorithm in emergency, especially in nonspecialized centeres of hepatobiliary surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1496768
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