The glucosamine derivative 2-(N-Acetyl)-L-phenylalanylamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glucose (NAPA), was shown to inhibit the kinase activity of IKKα, one of the two catalytic subunits of IKK complex, decreasing the inflammatory status in osteoarthritis chondrocytes. In the present work we have investigated the inhibition mechanism of IKKα by NAPA by combining computational simulations, in vitro assays and Mass Spectrometry (MS) technique. The kinase in vitro assay was conducted using a recombinant IKKα and IKKtide, a 20 amino acid peptide substrate derived from IkBα kinase protein and containing the serine residues Ser32 and Ser36. Phosphorylated peptide production was measured by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS), and the atomic interaction between IKKα and NAPA has been studied by molecular docking and Molecular Dynamics (MD) approaches. Here we report that NAPA was able to inhibit the IKKα kinase activity with an IC50 of 0.5 mM, to decrease the Km value from 0.337 mM to 0.402 mM and the Vmax from 0.0257 mM·min-1 to 0.0076 mM·min-1. The computational analyses indicate the region between the KD, ULD and SDD domains of IKKα as the optimal binding site explored by NAPA. Biochemical data indicate that there is a non-significant difference between Km and Ki whereas there is a statistically significant difference between the two Vmax values. This evidence, combined with computational results, consistently indicates that the inhibition is non-competitive, and that the NAPA binding site is different than that of ATP or IKKtide.

Biochemical and computational studies of the interaction between a glucosamine derivative, NAPA, and the IKKα kinase / Lopreiato, Mariangela; DI CRISTOFANO, Samuele; Cocchiola, Rossana; Mariano, Alessia; Guerrizio, Libera; Scandurra, Roberto; Mosca, Luciana; Raimondo, Domenico; SCOTTO D'ABUSCO, Anna. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 22:4(2021). [10.3390/ijms22041643]

Biochemical and computational studies of the interaction between a glucosamine derivative, NAPA, and the IKKα kinase

Samuele Di cristofano;Alessia Mariano;Luciana Mosca;Domenico Raimondo
;
Anna Scotto d’Abusco
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The glucosamine derivative 2-(N-Acetyl)-L-phenylalanylamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glucose (NAPA), was shown to inhibit the kinase activity of IKKα, one of the two catalytic subunits of IKK complex, decreasing the inflammatory status in osteoarthritis chondrocytes. In the present work we have investigated the inhibition mechanism of IKKα by NAPA by combining computational simulations, in vitro assays and Mass Spectrometry (MS) technique. The kinase in vitro assay was conducted using a recombinant IKKα and IKKtide, a 20 amino acid peptide substrate derived from IkBα kinase protein and containing the serine residues Ser32 and Ser36. Phosphorylated peptide production was measured by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS), and the atomic interaction between IKKα and NAPA has been studied by molecular docking and Molecular Dynamics (MD) approaches. Here we report that NAPA was able to inhibit the IKKα kinase activity with an IC50 of 0.5 mM, to decrease the Km value from 0.337 mM to 0.402 mM and the Vmax from 0.0257 mM·min-1 to 0.0076 mM·min-1. The computational analyses indicate the region between the KD, ULD and SDD domains of IKKα as the optimal binding site explored by NAPA. Biochemical data indicate that there is a non-significant difference between Km and Ki whereas there is a statistically significant difference between the two Vmax values. This evidence, combined with computational results, consistently indicates that the inhibition is non-competitive, and that the NAPA binding site is different than that of ATP or IKKtide.
2021
IKK; NAPA; UPLC-MS; chondrocytes; molecular docking; molecular dynamics; osteoarthritis.
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Biochemical and computational studies of the interaction between a glucosamine derivative, NAPA, and the IKKα kinase / Lopreiato, Mariangela; DI CRISTOFANO, Samuele; Cocchiola, Rossana; Mariano, Alessia; Guerrizio, Libera; Scandurra, Roberto; Mosca, Luciana; Raimondo, Domenico; SCOTTO D'ABUSCO, Anna. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 22:4(2021). [10.3390/ijms22041643]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1493418
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