The correct quantification of the dose released in charged particle therapy treatments requires the knowledge of the double differential fragmentation cross section of particles composing both beam and target. The FOOT experiment aims at measuring these cross sections for ions of interest for charged particle therapy applications. The paper describes the performance of the TOF-Wall detector of the experiment. The detector is composed of two layers of 44 cm x 2 cm x 3 mm plastic scintillator bars (20 for each layer), arranged orthogonally and read out by silicon photomultipliers. The detector is designed to identify the charge of fragments ranging from protons to oxygen ions, with a maximum energy of 700 MeV/u, by measuring the energy released in the scintillators and the time of flight with respect to a start counter. In this study, the detector was scanned with carbon ions of energy between 115 MeV/u and 400 MeV/u and with a 60 MeV proton beam. The measurements show an energy resolution (σE/μE) between 6% and 4% and a contribution of the detector to the TOF system time resolution between 25 ps and 20 ps (standard deviation) for carbon ions and between 100 ps and 80 ps for protons.

Performance Evaluation of the TOF-Wall Detector of the FOOT Experiment / Morrocchi, M.; Belcari, N.; Bianucci, S.; Camarlinghi, N.; Carra, P.; Ciarrocchi, E.; De Simoni, M.; Del Guerra, A.; Fischetti, M.; Francesconi, M.; Galli, L.; Kraan, A. C.; Mirabelli, R.; Moggi, A.; Muraro, S.; Profeti, A.; Pullia, M.; Rosso, V.; Sarti, A.; Sportelli, G.; Traini, G.; Zarrella, R.; Bisogni, M. G.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE. - ISSN 0018-9499. - (2020), pp. 1-1. [10.1109/TNS.2020.3041433]

Performance Evaluation of the TOF-Wall Detector of the FOOT Experiment

Ciarrocchi E.;De Simoni M.;Fischetti M.;Mirabelli R.;Sarti A.;Sportelli G.;Traini G.;
2020

Abstract

The correct quantification of the dose released in charged particle therapy treatments requires the knowledge of the double differential fragmentation cross section of particles composing both beam and target. The FOOT experiment aims at measuring these cross sections for ions of interest for charged particle therapy applications. The paper describes the performance of the TOF-Wall detector of the experiment. The detector is composed of two layers of 44 cm x 2 cm x 3 mm plastic scintillator bars (20 for each layer), arranged orthogonally and read out by silicon photomultipliers. The detector is designed to identify the charge of fragments ranging from protons to oxygen ions, with a maximum energy of 700 MeV/u, by measuring the energy released in the scintillators and the time of flight with respect to a start counter. In this study, the detector was scanned with carbon ions of energy between 115 MeV/u and 400 MeV/u and with a 60 MeV proton beam. The measurements show an energy resolution (σE/μE) between 6% and 4% and a contribution of the detector to the TOF system time resolution between 25 ps and 20 ps (standard deviation) for carbon ions and between 100 ps and 80 ps for protons.
Bars; Carbon; Charged Particle Therapy; Detectors; Ions; Nuclear Fragmentation; Particle beams; Plastic scintillator; Plastics; Scintillators; Silicon Photomultiplier; Time of Flight
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Performance Evaluation of the TOF-Wall Detector of the FOOT Experiment / Morrocchi, M.; Belcari, N.; Bianucci, S.; Camarlinghi, N.; Carra, P.; Ciarrocchi, E.; De Simoni, M.; Del Guerra, A.; Fischetti, M.; Francesconi, M.; Galli, L.; Kraan, A. C.; Mirabelli, R.; Moggi, A.; Muraro, S.; Profeti, A.; Pullia, M.; Rosso, V.; Sarti, A.; Sportelli, G.; Traini, G.; Zarrella, R.; Bisogni, M. G.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE. - ISSN 0018-9499. - (2020), pp. 1-1. [10.1109/TNS.2020.3041433]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1487095
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