Disorders affecting parotid gland represent a heterogeneous group comprising congenital, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases which show a focal or diffuse pattern of appearance. The differentiation of neoplastic from non-neoplastic conditions of parotid glands is pivotal for the diagnostic imaging. Frequently there is evidence of overlapping between the clinical and the imaging appearance of the various pathologies. The parotid gland is also often object of study with the combination of different techniques [ultrasound-computed tomography-magnetic resonance imaging (US-CT-MRI), ex.]. Compared to other dominant methods of medical imaging, US has several advantages providing images in real-time at lower cost, and without harmful use of ionizing radiation and of contrast enhancement. B-mode US, and the microvascular pattern color Doppler are usually used as first step evaluation of parotid lesions. Elastography and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) has opened further possible perspectives to improve the differentiation between benign and malignant parotid lesions. The characterization of the parotid tumors plays a crucial role for their treatment planning and for the prediction of possible surgical complications. We present, here an updated review of the most recurrent pathologies of parotid gland focusing on the diagnostic power of multiparametric US including CEUS and ultrasound elastography (USE); limitations, advantages and the main key-points will be presented.

Narrative review of multiparametric ultrasound in parotid gland evaluation / Martino, Milvia; Fodor, Daniela; Fresilli, Daniele; Guiban, Olga; Rubini, Antonello; Cassoni, Andrea; Ralli, Massimo; De Vincentiis, Chiara; Arduini, Federico; Celletti, Ilaria; Pacini, Patrizia; Polti, Giorgia; Polito, Eleonora; Greco, Antonio; Valentini, Valentino; Sorrenti, Salvatore; D'Andrea, Vito; Masciocchi, Carlo; Barile, Antonio; Cantisani, Vito. - In: GLAND SURGERY. - ISSN 2227-684X. - 9:6(2020), pp. 2295-2311. [10.21037/gs-20-530]

Narrative review of multiparametric ultrasound in parotid gland evaluation

Martino, Milvia
Primo
;
Fresilli, Daniele;Guiban, Olga;Rubini, Antonello;Cassoni, Andrea;Ralli, Massimo;De Vincentiis, Chiara;Celletti, Ilaria;Pacini, Patrizia;Polti, Giorgia;Polito, Eleonora;Greco, Antonio;Valentini, Valentino;Sorrenti, Salvatore;D'Andrea, Vito;Cantisani, Vito
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Disorders affecting parotid gland represent a heterogeneous group comprising congenital, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases which show a focal or diffuse pattern of appearance. The differentiation of neoplastic from non-neoplastic conditions of parotid glands is pivotal for the diagnostic imaging. Frequently there is evidence of overlapping between the clinical and the imaging appearance of the various pathologies. The parotid gland is also often object of study with the combination of different techniques [ultrasound-computed tomography-magnetic resonance imaging (US-CT-MRI), ex.]. Compared to other dominant methods of medical imaging, US has several advantages providing images in real-time at lower cost, and without harmful use of ionizing radiation and of contrast enhancement. B-mode US, and the microvascular pattern color Doppler are usually used as first step evaluation of parotid lesions. Elastography and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) has opened further possible perspectives to improve the differentiation between benign and malignant parotid lesions. The characterization of the parotid tumors plays a crucial role for their treatment planning and for the prediction of possible surgical complications. We present, here an updated review of the most recurrent pathologies of parotid gland focusing on the diagnostic power of multiparametric US including CEUS and ultrasound elastography (USE); limitations, advantages and the main key-points will be presented.
2020
elastography; contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS); multiparametric ultrasound (multiparametric US); parotid gland; parotid lesions
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Narrative review of multiparametric ultrasound in parotid gland evaluation / Martino, Milvia; Fodor, Daniela; Fresilli, Daniele; Guiban, Olga; Rubini, Antonello; Cassoni, Andrea; Ralli, Massimo; De Vincentiis, Chiara; Arduini, Federico; Celletti, Ilaria; Pacini, Patrizia; Polti, Giorgia; Polito, Eleonora; Greco, Antonio; Valentini, Valentino; Sorrenti, Salvatore; D'Andrea, Vito; Masciocchi, Carlo; Barile, Antonio; Cantisani, Vito. - In: GLAND SURGERY. - ISSN 2227-684X. - 9:6(2020), pp. 2295-2311. [10.21037/gs-20-530]
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Note: https://gs.amegroups.com/article/view/57460/html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7804540/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1480469
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