Plasmonically enhanced optical dichroism has attracted substantial interest for its application in optical sensing, where the interplay between chirality emanating from both molecules and plasmon-supporting structures has been regarded as a critical ingredient. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that suitably self-assembled achiral plasmonic nanostructures produce a high degree of enhancement in the optical dichroism observed from chiral molecules placed in their vicinity. Specifically, we identify a near-field enhancement associated with plasmonic hotpots as the mechanism enabling our observation of visible-NIR circular dichroism emanating from small amounts of chiral molecules. Our structures consist of linear arrays of gold nanorods obtained by introducing chiral anionic surfactants, such as modified bile salts, which lead to selective destabilization of a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide coating layer on Au nanorods, thereby promoting a tip-to-tip oriented assembly. The proposed mechanism of plasmonically-enhanced circular dichroism is supported by deriving a simple, yet general theoretical formalism that confirms the observed results, revealing the role of optical hotspots at the gaps of linear tip-to-tip nanorod assemblies as the origin of enhancement in the dichroism from chiral molecules. Importantly, it is the refractive rather than the absorption-mediated chiral response of the molecules that produces dichroism in the visible-NIR plasmonic regime, far from their UV absorption resonances. The observed self-assembly mechanism suggests that chiral analytes not directly interacting with the nanorod surfaces, but just able to induce tip-to-tip aggregation, can be revealed by a CD signature in the plasmonic region, thereby supporting potential applications in ultrasensitive analysis. ©

Plasmon-enhanced optical chirality through hotspot formation in surfactant-directed self-assembly of gold nanorods / Severoni, Emilia; Maniappan, Sonia; Liz-Marzan, Luis M.; Kumar, Jatish; Garcia De Abajo, F. Javier; Galantini, Luciano. - In: ACS NANO. - ISSN 1936-0851. - 14:12(2020), pp. 16712-16722. [10.1021/acsnano.0c03997]

Plasmon-enhanced optical chirality through hotspot formation in surfactant-directed self-assembly of gold nanorods

Severoni, Emilia;Galantini, Luciano
2020

Abstract

Plasmonically enhanced optical dichroism has attracted substantial interest for its application in optical sensing, where the interplay between chirality emanating from both molecules and plasmon-supporting structures has been regarded as a critical ingredient. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that suitably self-assembled achiral plasmonic nanostructures produce a high degree of enhancement in the optical dichroism observed from chiral molecules placed in their vicinity. Specifically, we identify a near-field enhancement associated with plasmonic hotpots as the mechanism enabling our observation of visible-NIR circular dichroism emanating from small amounts of chiral molecules. Our structures consist of linear arrays of gold nanorods obtained by introducing chiral anionic surfactants, such as modified bile salts, which lead to selective destabilization of a cetyltrimethylammonium bromide coating layer on Au nanorods, thereby promoting a tip-to-tip oriented assembly. The proposed mechanism of plasmonically-enhanced circular dichroism is supported by deriving a simple, yet general theoretical formalism that confirms the observed results, revealing the role of optical hotspots at the gaps of linear tip-to-tip nanorod assemblies as the origin of enhancement in the dichroism from chiral molecules. Importantly, it is the refractive rather than the absorption-mediated chiral response of the molecules that produces dichroism in the visible-NIR plasmonic regime, far from their UV absorption resonances. The observed self-assembly mechanism suggests that chiral analytes not directly interacting with the nanorod surfaces, but just able to induce tip-to-tip aggregation, can be revealed by a CD signature in the plasmonic region, thereby supporting potential applications in ultrasensitive analysis. ©
gold nanorods; plasmonic circular dichroism; bile salts; chiral plasmons; catanionic mixtures; plasmonic hotspot
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Plasmon-enhanced optical chirality through hotspot formation in surfactant-directed self-assembly of gold nanorods / Severoni, Emilia; Maniappan, Sonia; Liz-Marzan, Luis M.; Kumar, Jatish; Garcia De Abajo, F. Javier; Galantini, Luciano. - In: ACS NANO. - ISSN 1936-0851. - 14:12(2020), pp. 16712-16722. [10.1021/acsnano.0c03997]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1479195
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