Upright gait is a peculiar characteristic of humans that requires the ability to manage upper body dynamic balance whilewalking, despite the perturbations that are generated bymovements of the lower limbs. Most of the studies on upright gait stability have compared young adults and the elderly to determine the effects of aging. In other studies, the comparisonwas between healthy subjects and patients to examine specific pathologies. Fewer researches have also investigated the development of upright gait stability in children.This review discusses these studies in order to provide an overview of this relevant aspect of human locomotion. A clear trend from development to decline of upright gait stability has been depicted across the entire lifespan, from toddlers at first steps to elderly. In old individuals, even if healthy, the deterioration of skeletal muscle, combined with sensorial and cognitive performance, reduces the ability to maintain an upright trunk during walking, increasing the instability and the risk of falls. Further, the pathological causes of altered development or of a sudden loss of gait stability, as well as the environmental influence are investigated. The last part of this review is focused on the control of upper body accelerations during walking, a particularly interesting topic for the recent development of low-cost wearable accelerometers.
Development and decline of upright gait stability / Iosa, M; Fusco, Augusto; Morone, Giovanni; Paolucci, Stefano. - In: FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1663-4365. - 6(2014).
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|Titolo:||Development and decline of upright gait stability|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Citazione:||Development and decline of upright gait stability / Iosa, M; Fusco, Augusto; Morone, Giovanni; Paolucci, Stefano. - In: FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1663-4365. - 6(2014).|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)|