Plaster and mortar samples from Arslantepe (Turkey) hold potential to provide unique information about the lime production and adhibition during the Late Chalcolithic period (4th millennium BCE). A multi-analytical approach including polarized light microscopy (PLM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) has been applied to characterize mortar samples from temple C and elite residences dated back to the late Chalcolithic 3–4 (3800–3400 BCE). A marly limestone has been identified as starting raw material for the lime production, probably coming from two different sources (local and brought from a different part of the Malatya plain). Moreover, different aggregate selection and the use of different production techniques were also detected in the samples, which are probably related to the function of the buildings. Evidence of a re-plastering process was also detected in the two elite houses, which probably refers to a routine maintenance process.

Lime production in the Late Chalcolithic period. The case of Arslantepe (Eastern Anatolia) / Mignardi, Silvano; De Vito, Caterina; Botticelli, Michela; Favero, Gabriele; Balossi Restelli, Francesca; Marinacci, Luca; Alkhasoneh, Samah; Medeghini, Laura. - In: HERITAGE. - ISSN 2571-9408. - 4:1(2021), pp. 91-104. [10.3390/heritage4010005]

Lime production in the Late Chalcolithic period. The case of Arslantepe (Eastern Anatolia)

Mignardi, Silvano;De Vito, Caterina;Botticelli, Michela;Favero, Gabriele;Balossi Restelli, Francesca;Medeghini, Laura
2021

Abstract

Plaster and mortar samples from Arslantepe (Turkey) hold potential to provide unique information about the lime production and adhibition during the Late Chalcolithic period (4th millennium BCE). A multi-analytical approach including polarized light microscopy (PLM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) has been applied to characterize mortar samples from temple C and elite residences dated back to the late Chalcolithic 3–4 (3800–3400 BCE). A marly limestone has been identified as starting raw material for the lime production, probably coming from two different sources (local and brought from a different part of the Malatya plain). Moreover, different aggregate selection and the use of different production techniques were also detected in the samples, which are probably related to the function of the buildings. Evidence of a re-plastering process was also detected in the two elite houses, which probably refers to a routine maintenance process.
2021
mortar; lime; plaster; Late Chalcolithic; Anatolia; monumental architecture
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Lime production in the Late Chalcolithic period. The case of Arslantepe (Eastern Anatolia) / Mignardi, Silvano; De Vito, Caterina; Botticelli, Michela; Favero, Gabriele; Balossi Restelli, Francesca; Marinacci, Luca; Alkhasoneh, Samah; Medeghini, Laura. - In: HERITAGE. - ISSN 2571-9408. - 4:1(2021), pp. 91-104. [10.3390/heritage4010005]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Mignardi_Lime-production_2021.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 872.3 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
872.3 kB Adobe PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1475669
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact