Oligogalacturonides (OGs) are fragments of pectin released from the plant cell wall during insect or pathogen attack. They can be perceived by the plant as damage signals, triggering local and systemic defence responses. Here, we analyse the dynamics of local and systemic responses to OG perception in tomato roots or shoots, exploring their impact across the plant and their relevance in pathogen resistance. Targeted and untargeted metabolomics and gene expression analysis in plants treated with purified OGs revealed that local responses were transient, while distal responses were stronger and more sustained. Remarkably, changes were more conspicuous in roots, even upon foliar application of the OGs. The treatments differentially activated the synthesis of defence-related hormones and secondary metabolites including flavonoids, alkaloids and lignans, some of them exclusively synthetized in roots. Finally, the biological relevance of the systemic defence responses activated upon OG perception was confirmed, as the treatment induced systemic resistance to Botrytis cinerea. Overall, this study shows the differential regulation of tomato defences upon OGs perception in roots and shoots and reveals the key role of roots in the coordination of the plant responses to damage sensing.

Roots drive oligogalacturonide-induced systemic immunity in tomato / Gamir, J.; Minchev, Z.; Berrio, E.; Garcia, J. M.; De Lorenzo, G.; Pozo, M. J.. - In: PLANT, CELL AND ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0140-7791. - 44:1(2021), pp. 275-289. [10.1111/pce.13917]

Roots drive oligogalacturonide-induced systemic immunity in tomato

De Lorenzo G.
Penultimo
;
2021

Abstract

Oligogalacturonides (OGs) are fragments of pectin released from the plant cell wall during insect or pathogen attack. They can be perceived by the plant as damage signals, triggering local and systemic defence responses. Here, we analyse the dynamics of local and systemic responses to OG perception in tomato roots or shoots, exploring their impact across the plant and their relevance in pathogen resistance. Targeted and untargeted metabolomics and gene expression analysis in plants treated with purified OGs revealed that local responses were transient, while distal responses were stronger and more sustained. Remarkably, changes were more conspicuous in roots, even upon foliar application of the OGs. The treatments differentially activated the synthesis of defence-related hormones and secondary metabolites including flavonoids, alkaloids and lignans, some of them exclusively synthetized in roots. Finally, the biological relevance of the systemic defence responses activated upon OG perception was confirmed, as the treatment induced systemic resistance to Botrytis cinerea. Overall, this study shows the differential regulation of tomato defences upon OGs perception in roots and shoots and reveals the key role of roots in the coordination of the plant responses to damage sensing.
2021
alkaloids; Botrytis cinerea; DAMPs; flavonoids; metabolomics; phytohormones; plant defences; systemic resistance
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Roots drive oligogalacturonide-induced systemic immunity in tomato / Gamir, J.; Minchev, Z.; Berrio, E.; Garcia, J. M.; De Lorenzo, G.; Pozo, M. J.. - In: PLANT, CELL AND ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0140-7791. - 44:1(2021), pp. 275-289. [10.1111/pce.13917]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1474424
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