Objective: To determine the association between direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) use and risk ofmajor adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients and Methods: This study is a single-center prospective observational cohort study including2366 outpatients with non-valvular AF on treatment with DOACs or vitamin K antagonists (VKAs)from February 2008 for patients on VKA and September 2013 for patients on novel oral anticoagulants.The primary endpoint was the incidence of MACE including fatal and non-fatal myocardialinfarction (MI), cardiac revascularization, and cardiovascular death. Results: The mean age was 75.19.0 years; 44.7% were women. During a mean follow-up of33.321.9 months (6567 patients/years) 133 MACEs occurred (2.03%/year): 79 MI/cardiac revascularization and 54 cardiovascular deaths. Of these, 101 were on VKAs (2.42%/year) and 32 on DOACs (1.34%/year; log-rank test P¼.040). This difference was evident also considering MI alone (1.53%/yearand 0.63%/year in the VKA and DOAC group, respectively, log-rank test P¼.009). At multivariableCox proportional hazard regression analysis, use of DOACs was associated with a lower risk of MACE (hazard ratio, 0.636; 95% CI, 0.417 to 0.970; P¼.036) and MI (hazard ratio, 0.497; 95% CI, 0.276 to0.896; p¼.020). Sensitivity analysis showed that this association was consistent in younger patients (<75 years), in patients with anemia, and in those without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart failure. We also found that both dabigatran and apixaban/rivaroxaban were associated with a lower rate of MACE, with similar efficacy between full and low doses. Conclusion: DOACs are associated with a lower risk of MACE in patients with AF independently from dosage.

The atrial fibrillation better Care (ABC) pathway and cardiac complications in atrial fibrillation: a potential sex-based difference. the ATHERO-AF study / Pastori, Daniele; Menichelli, Danilo; Violi, Francesco; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Y H Lip, Gregory. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1879-0828. - 85:March 2021(2021), pp. 80-85.

The atrial fibrillation better Care (ABC) pathway and cardiac complications in atrial fibrillation: a potential sex-based difference. the ATHERO-AF study

Pastori, Daniele
;
Menichelli, Danilo;Violi, Francesco;Pignatelli, Pasquale;
2021

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association between direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) use and risk ofmajor adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients and Methods: This study is a single-center prospective observational cohort study including2366 outpatients with non-valvular AF on treatment with DOACs or vitamin K antagonists (VKAs)from February 2008 for patients on VKA and September 2013 for patients on novel oral anticoagulants.The primary endpoint was the incidence of MACE including fatal and non-fatal myocardialinfarction (MI), cardiac revascularization, and cardiovascular death. Results: The mean age was 75.19.0 years; 44.7% were women. During a mean follow-up of33.321.9 months (6567 patients/years) 133 MACEs occurred (2.03%/year): 79 MI/cardiac revascularization and 54 cardiovascular deaths. Of these, 101 were on VKAs (2.42%/year) and 32 on DOACs (1.34%/year; log-rank test P¼.040). This difference was evident also considering MI alone (1.53%/yearand 0.63%/year in the VKA and DOAC group, respectively, log-rank test P¼.009). At multivariableCox proportional hazard regression analysis, use of DOACs was associated with a lower risk of MACE (hazard ratio, 0.636; 95% CI, 0.417 to 0.970; P¼.036) and MI (hazard ratio, 0.497; 95% CI, 0.276 to0.896; p¼.020). Sensitivity analysis showed that this association was consistent in younger patients (<75 years), in patients with anemia, and in those without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart failure. We also found that both dabigatran and apixaban/rivaroxaban were associated with a lower rate of MACE, with similar efficacy between full and low doses. Conclusion: DOACs are associated with a lower risk of MACE in patients with AF independently from dosage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1473353
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