Sulforaphane and iberin are promising chemopreventive chiral phytochemicals. The chirality of these organic isothiocyanates is due to the presence of a stereogenic sulfur atom. Investigations of the effectiveness of single enantiomers as chemoprotective agents highlight the key role played by sulfur chirality on biological activity. The predominant native (R)-enantiomer is active whereas the (S)-counterpart is inactive or poorly active. Here, we provide an enantioselective method for the direct and complete resolution of both chiral sulfoxides by high-performance liquid chromatography on immobilized amylose-derived chiral stationary phases. A set of five different columns was investigated utilizing normal-phase, polar organic and aqueous conditions. The effect of the composition of mobile phase on enantioselectivity and retention was carefully evaluated. U-shape retention maps, which are indicative of a double and competitive hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and reversed-phase liquid chromatography retention mechanism, were established by recording the retention factors of the enantiomers of sulforaphane on the Chiralpak IA-3 and Chiralpak IG-3 chiral stationary phases varying progressively the water content in the water-acetonitrile mobile phases.

Direct HPLC enantioseparation of chemopreventive chiral isothiocyanates sulforaphane and iberin on immobilized amylose-based chiral stationary phases under normal-phase, polar organic and aqueous conditions / Panusa, Alessia; Rosetti, Alessia; Villani, Claudio; Cirilli, Roberto. - In: TALANTA. - ISSN 0165-2486. - 218:(2020), pp. 1-6. [doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2020.21151]

Direct HPLC enantioseparation of chemopreventive chiral isothiocyanates sulforaphane and iberin on immobilized amylose-based chiral stationary phases under normal-phase, polar organic and aqueous conditions

Alessia Rosetti;Claudio Villani;
2020

Abstract

Sulforaphane and iberin are promising chemopreventive chiral phytochemicals. The chirality of these organic isothiocyanates is due to the presence of a stereogenic sulfur atom. Investigations of the effectiveness of single enantiomers as chemoprotective agents highlight the key role played by sulfur chirality on biological activity. The predominant native (R)-enantiomer is active whereas the (S)-counterpart is inactive or poorly active. Here, we provide an enantioselective method for the direct and complete resolution of both chiral sulfoxides by high-performance liquid chromatography on immobilized amylose-derived chiral stationary phases. A set of five different columns was investigated utilizing normal-phase, polar organic and aqueous conditions. The effect of the composition of mobile phase on enantioselectivity and retention was carefully evaluated. U-shape retention maps, which are indicative of a double and competitive hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and reversed-phase liquid chromatography retention mechanism, were established by recording the retention factors of the enantiomers of sulforaphane on the Chiralpak IA-3 and Chiralpak IG-3 chiral stationary phases varying progressively the water content in the water-acetonitrile mobile phases.
Amylose-based CSPs; Enantioselective HPLC; Sulforaphane; Iberin; Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Direct HPLC enantioseparation of chemopreventive chiral isothiocyanates sulforaphane and iberin on immobilized amylose-based chiral stationary phases under normal-phase, polar organic and aqueous conditions / Panusa, Alessia; Rosetti, Alessia; Villani, Claudio; Cirilli, Roberto. - In: TALANTA. - ISSN 0165-2486. - 218:(2020), pp. 1-6. [doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2020.21151]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1472915
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