To determine the prevalence of gastric precancerous lesions and mucosal genetic alterations in relatives of a cluster of familial gastric cancer (FGC), we studied a kindred spanning two generations. The founder, daughter and niece underwent surgery for gastric cancer (GC); a son and other two daughters of the founder, presented with chronic dyspepsia. In all subjects, gastric mucosa samples were analysed for pathological features, Helicobacter pylori infection, microsatellite (MIN) and chromosornal (CIN) instability. The overexpression of mp53 and c-myc, and cytoplasmic beta-catenin delocalisation were found in the 2 younger cancer patients. All GC and gastritis patients had normal E-cadherin expression and were MIN-negative. Aneuploidy characterised all GC cases, and mixed euploid and aneuploid cell populations were present in the gastric biopsies from two of three 'at-risk' relatives. These two subjects, one of whom had severe active gastritis, and gastric mp53 and c-myc expression, were CagA-positive H. pylori-infected. DNA aneuploidy, p53 and c-myc expression disappeared after H. pylori eradication. In this FGC cluster, genetic abnormalities were found in first-degree relatives (3 patients) only in presence of H. pylori infection (2 cases H. pylori-positive versus 1 case H. pylori-negative) supporting the hypothesis that, besides the influence of a genetic profile, FGC may be, Lit least partly, mediated by intrafamilial clustering of H. pylori infection. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Is there a link between environmental factors and a genetic predisposition to cancer? A lesson from a familial cluster of gastric cancers / A., Rocco; S., Staibano; Ottini, Laura; E., Mezza; P., Somma; R., Mariani Costantini; G., Budillon; G., Nardone. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0959-8049. - 39:11(2003), pp. 1619-1624. [10.1016/s0959-8049(03)00368-x]