The monitoring of waste disposal sites is important in order to minimize leakages of biogas, produced by anaerobic digestion and potentially explosive and detrimental to the environment. In this research, UAV-based thermal imaging has been proposed as a diagnostic tool to monitor urban landfills. Since the anaerobic decomposition produces heat along with biogas, thermal anomalies recorded over the soil are likely to be associated with local biogas escaping from the landfill terrain and leaving a local thermal print. A simple and novel approach, based only on the processing of thermal maps gathered by the remote sensing surveys, has been proposed for the estimation of the fugitive methane emissions from landfills. Two case studies, concerning two Italian landfills, have been presented. For one of them (Mount Scarpino, Genoa), significant thermal anomalies were identified during several UAV flights and the relevant thermal images processed to obtain a rough estimation of the associated methane leakages. For the second landfill (Scala Erre, Sassari), the thermal map did not reveal any anomaly attributable to local biogas emission. Despite some limitations outlined in the paper, the present approach is proposed as an innovative method to identify significant biogas leakages from an urban landfill and to provide a preliminary evaluation of the methane production potential.
A UAV-based thermal-imaging approach for the monitoring of urban landfills / Tanda, Giovanni; Balsi, Marco; Fallavollita, Paolo; Chiarabini, Valter. - In: INVENTIONS. - ISSN 2411-5134. - 5:4(2020), pp. 1-13. [10.3390/inventions5040055]
|Titolo:||A UAV-based thermal-imaging approach for the monitoring of urban landfills|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||A UAV-based thermal-imaging approach for the monitoring of urban landfills / Tanda, Giovanni; Balsi, Marco; Fallavollita, Paolo; Chiarabini, Valter. - In: INVENTIONS. - ISSN 2411-5134. - 5:4(2020), pp. 1-13. [10.3390/inventions5040055]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|