During leisure time, people can decide if they want to expose themselves to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation and to which extent. During occupation, people do not have this choice. Outdoor workers are exposed to solar UV radiation (UVR) on a daily basis. This may hold a certain health risk, which can be estimated when the personal solar UVR exposure (PE) is known. During the past decades, a variety of studies was conducted to measure PE of outdoor workers and our knowledge on the PE of outdoor workers has remarkably increased. As shown by this review, studies clearly indicate that PE of most of outdoor workers exceeds the internationally proposed threshold limit value, which is comparable to 1.0 to 1.3 SED, respectively to 1.1 to 1.5 UV Index received over one hour. Besides working in a high UVR environment, monotonic workflow (limited movement, nearly static posture) is a risk factor. In such cases, PE can be higher than ambient UVR. In this review, we provide also a list of milestone, depicting the progress and the most important findings in this field during the past 45 years. However, in many respects our knowledge is still rudimentary, because of several reasons. Different measuring positions have been used so that measured PE is not comparable. Few studies were designed to enable extension of measured PE to other locations or dates. Although the importance of a proper calibration of the measuring devices in respect to the changing solar spectrum was pointed out from the beginning, this is often not performed, which leads to high uncertainties in the presented PE levels. At the end of our review, we provide some key points, which can be used to evaluate the quality of a study respectively to support the design of future studies.
Review on Occupational Personal Solar UV Exposure Measurements / Schmalwieser, Alois W.; Casale, Giuseppe R.; Colosimo, Alfredo; Schmalwieser, Susanne S.; Siani, Anna Maria. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - 12:2(2021), pp. 1-29. [10.3390/atmos12020142]
|Titolo:||Review on Occupational Personal Solar UV Exposure Measurements|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Citazione:||Review on Occupational Personal Solar UV Exposure Measurements / Schmalwieser, Alois W.; Casale, Giuseppe R.; Colosimo, Alfredo; Schmalwieser, Susanne S.; Siani, Anna Maria. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - 12:2(2021), pp. 1-29. [10.3390/atmos12020142]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|