Patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) that fail induction treatment represent a difficult-to-treat population, where no standard therapy exists. We evaluated outcomes in patients with first relapsed-refractory (r/r) MCL after upfront high dose cytarabine including standard regimens. Overall survival (OS-2) and progression-free survival (PFS-2) were estimated from the time of salvage therapy. The previously described threshold of 24 months was used to define patients as early- or late-progressors (POD). Overall, 261 r/r MCL patients were included. Second-line regimens consisted of rituximab-bendamustine (R-B, 21%), R-B and cytarabine (R-BAC, 29%), ibrutinib (19%), and others (31%). The four groups were balanced in terms of clinicopathological features. Adjusting for age and early/late-POD, patients treated with R-BAC had significantly higher complete remission (63%) than comparators. Overall, Ibrutinib and R-BAC were associated with improved median PFS-2 [24 and 25 months, respectively], compared to R-B (13) or others (7). In patients with early-POD (n = 127), ibrutinib was associated with inferior risk of death than comparators (HR 2.41 for R-B, 2.17 for others, 2.78 for R-BAC). In patients with late-POD (n = 134), no significant differences were observed between ibrutinib and bendamustine-based treatments. Ibrutinib was associated with improved outcome in early-POD patients.

Outcomes in first relapsed-refractory younger patients with mantle cell lymphoma: results from the MANTLE-FIRST study / Visco, C.; Di Rocco, A.; Evangelista, A.; Quaglia, F. M.; Tisi, M. C.; Morello, L.; Zilioli, V. R.; Rusconi, C.; Hohaus, S.; Sciarra, R.; Re, A.; Tecchio, C.; Chiappella, A.; Marin-Niebla, A.; Mcculloch, R.; Gini, G.; Perrone, T.; Nassi, L.; Pennese, E.; Stefani, P. M.; Cox, M. C.; Bozzoli, V.; Fabbri, A.; Polli, V.; Ferrero, S.; Celis, M. I. A. D.; Sica, A.; Petrucci, L.; Arcaini, L.; Rule, S.; Krampera, M.; Vitolo, U.; Balzarotti, M.. - In: LEUKEMIA. - ISSN 0887-6924. - 35:(2021), pp. 787-795. [10.1038/s41375-020-01013-3]

Outcomes in first relapsed-refractory younger patients with mantle cell lymphoma: results from the MANTLE-FIRST study

Di Rocco A.;Sciarra R.;Perrone T.;Petrucci L.;
2021

Abstract

Patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) that fail induction treatment represent a difficult-to-treat population, where no standard therapy exists. We evaluated outcomes in patients with first relapsed-refractory (r/r) MCL after upfront high dose cytarabine including standard regimens. Overall survival (OS-2) and progression-free survival (PFS-2) were estimated from the time of salvage therapy. The previously described threshold of 24 months was used to define patients as early- or late-progressors (POD). Overall, 261 r/r MCL patients were included. Second-line regimens consisted of rituximab-bendamustine (R-B, 21%), R-B and cytarabine (R-BAC, 29%), ibrutinib (19%), and others (31%). The four groups were balanced in terms of clinicopathological features. Adjusting for age and early/late-POD, patients treated with R-BAC had significantly higher complete remission (63%) than comparators. Overall, Ibrutinib and R-BAC were associated with improved median PFS-2 [24 and 25 months, respectively], compared to R-B (13) or others (7). In patients with early-POD (n = 127), ibrutinib was associated with inferior risk of death than comparators (HR 2.41 for R-B, 2.17 for others, 2.78 for R-BAC). In patients with late-POD (n = 134), no significant differences were observed between ibrutinib and bendamustine-based treatments. Ibrutinib was associated with improved outcome in early-POD patients.
2021
mantle cell lymphoma; relapse/refractory; outcome;
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Outcomes in first relapsed-refractory younger patients with mantle cell lymphoma: results from the MANTLE-FIRST study / Visco, C.; Di Rocco, A.; Evangelista, A.; Quaglia, F. M.; Tisi, M. C.; Morello, L.; Zilioli, V. R.; Rusconi, C.; Hohaus, S.; Sciarra, R.; Re, A.; Tecchio, C.; Chiappella, A.; Marin-Niebla, A.; Mcculloch, R.; Gini, G.; Perrone, T.; Nassi, L.; Pennese, E.; Stefani, P. M.; Cox, M. C.; Bozzoli, V.; Fabbri, A.; Polli, V.; Ferrero, S.; Celis, M. I. A. D.; Sica, A.; Petrucci, L.; Arcaini, L.; Rule, S.; Krampera, M.; Vitolo, U.; Balzarotti, M.. - In: LEUKEMIA. - ISSN 0887-6924. - 35:(2021), pp. 787-795. [10.1038/s41375-020-01013-3]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1452913
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact