The applying of simplified schemes, such as cordon pricing, as second-best solution to the toll network design problem is investigated here in the context of multiclass traffic assignment on multimodal networks. To this end a suitable equilibrium model has been developed, together with an efficient algorithm capable of simulating large scale networks in quite reasonable computer time. This model implements the theoretical framework proposed in a previous work on the toll optimization problem, where the validity of marginal cost pricing for the context at hand is stated. Application of the model to the real case of Rome shows us, not only that on multimodal networks a relevant share (up to 20%) of the maximum improvements in terms of social welfare achievable with marginal cost pricing can in fact be obtained through cordon pricing, but also that in practical terms rationing is a valid alternative to pricing, thus getting around some of the relevant questions (theoretical, technical, social) the latter raises. As a result we propose a practical method to analyze advanced pricing and rationing policies differentiated for user categories, which enables us to compare alternative operative solutions with an upper bound on social welfare based on a solid theoretical background. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Advanced pricing and rationing policies for large scale multimodal networks / Gentile, Guido; Papola, Natale; Persia, Luca. - In: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART A, POLICY AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 0965-8564. - 39:7-9(2005), pp. 612-631. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Conference on Theory and Practice of Congestion Charging tenutosi a London, ENGLAND nel AUG, 2003 [10.1016/j.tra.2005.02.025].

Advanced pricing and rationing policies for large scale multimodal networks

GENTILE, Guido;PAPOLA, Natale;PERSIA, LUCA
2005

Abstract

The applying of simplified schemes, such as cordon pricing, as second-best solution to the toll network design problem is investigated here in the context of multiclass traffic assignment on multimodal networks. To this end a suitable equilibrium model has been developed, together with an efficient algorithm capable of simulating large scale networks in quite reasonable computer time. This model implements the theoretical framework proposed in a previous work on the toll optimization problem, where the validity of marginal cost pricing for the context at hand is stated. Application of the model to the real case of Rome shows us, not only that on multimodal networks a relevant share (up to 20%) of the maximum improvements in terms of social welfare achievable with marginal cost pricing can in fact be obtained through cordon pricing, but also that in practical terms rationing is a valid alternative to pricing, thus getting around some of the relevant questions (theoretical, technical, social) the latter raises. As a result we propose a practical method to analyze advanced pricing and rationing policies differentiated for user categories, which enables us to compare alternative operative solutions with an upper bound on social welfare based on a solid theoretical background. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2005
cordon tolls; marginal cost pricing; multiclass traffic assignment; multimodal networks; rationing; social welfare
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Advanced pricing and rationing policies for large scale multimodal networks / Gentile, Guido; Papola, Natale; Persia, Luca. - In: TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH. PART A, POLICY AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 0965-8564. - 39:7-9(2005), pp. 612-631. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Conference on Theory and Practice of Congestion Charging tenutosi a London, ENGLAND nel AUG, 2003 [10.1016/j.tra.2005.02.025].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/144999
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