In the previous publication “Can atmospheric pollution be considered a co-factor in extremely high level of SARS-CoV-2 lethality in Northern Italy?” Conticini et al. hypothesized that the surplus of lethality of the novel SARS-CoV-2 in Northern Italy may be at least in part explained by the evidence of highest pollution reported in this area, as both severe COVID-19 and smog exposure are correlated to an innate immune system hyper-activation with subsequent lung inflammation and injury. Since this hypothesis alone does not fully explain why specific subgroups of patients are at major risk, we hypothesized that obesity may be one of the links between COVID-19 severity and high level of air pollution. First, obesity is a predisposing factor for SARS-Cov-2 infection and worse COVID-19 outcomes, and unequivocal evidence demonstrated that fat mass excess is independently associated with several pulmonary diseases and lung inflammation. Moreover, it has been shown that obesity may intensify the detrimental effects of air pollution on the lungs, and this is not surprising if we consider that these conditions share an excessive activation of the immune system and a lung inflammatory infiltrate. Finally, fat mass excess has also been speculated to be itself a consequence of air pollutants exposure, which has been proved to induce metabolic disruption and weight gain in murine models. In conclusion, although many variables must be taken into account in the analysis of the pandemic, our observations suggest that obesity may act as effect modifier of smog-induced lung-injury, and the concomitant presence of these two factors could better explain the higher virulence, faster spread and greater mortality of SARS-CoV-2 in Northern Italy compared to the rest of the country.
Is obesity the missing link between COVID-19 severity and air pollution? / Lubrano, C.; Risi, R.; Masi, D.; Gnessi, L.; Colao, A.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. - ISSN 0269-7491. - 266:Pt 3(2020). [10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115327]
|Titolo:||Is obesity the missing link between COVID-19 severity and air pollution?|
LUBRANO, Carla (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||Is obesity the missing link between COVID-19 severity and air pollution? / Lubrano, C.; Risi, R.; Masi, D.; Gnessi, L.; Colao, A.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. - ISSN 0269-7491. - 266:Pt 3(2020). [10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115327]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|