In the last decades, Italy has experienced several strong earthquakes, triggering the attention on the high seismic risk associated with the potential instability of large existing earth dams. Under intense seismic events, dam response depends on various factors including the geometry and the type of water retention scheme. This paper explores the influence of these factors, comparing the seismic performance of two idealized earth dams: a homogeneous dam and a zoned dam. The simplified models adopted in the analyses are representative of these two classes of earth dams, often adopted in the sixties to design various dams located in southern Italy. The idealized models, here examined in detail, have comparable heights and foundation soil conditions, differing in terms of water retention scheme. The seismic response of the dams was evaluated through time-domain nonlinear dynamic analyses in which the same input ground motion, represented by real-time histories, was applied at the base of the models. It is shown that for highly inelastic systems, such as those at hand, duration of input motion should be accounted for in addition to compatibility criteria with a design elastic response spectrum. Also, different slopes of dam flanks, shear strength mobilization at the end of dam construction and high stiffness contrast at the shells-core contacts are shown to result in different deformation patterns at the end of earthquake loading. Some peculiarities in the behavior of these classes of earth dams are highlighted in the paper, providing a guidance for the rational assessment of their seismic performance.
Seismic performance of two classes of earth dams / Masini, L.; Rampello, S.; Donatelli, R.. - In: EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS. - ISSN 0098-8847. - (2020), pp. 1-20. [10.1002/eqe.3352]
|Titolo:||Seismic performance of two classes of earth dams|
MASINI, LUCA (Primo) [Writing – Original Draft Preparation] (Corresponding author)
RAMPELLO, SEBASTIANO (Secondo) [Supervision]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||Seismic performance of two classes of earth dams / Masini, L.; Rampello, S.; Donatelli, R.. - In: EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING & STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS. - ISSN 0098-8847. - (2020), pp. 1-20. [10.1002/eqe.3352]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|