Purpose: This study aims to identify in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasia (NEN) the potential correlation between FDG-PET findings and responses to everolimus therapy to identify predictors of long-term efficacy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients with sporadic, advanced, progressive NEN treated with everolimus was performed based on the available data on FDG-PET patients obtained before commencing therapy. Data are expressed as the median (25–75th IQR). Risk factor analysis and survival analysis were performed by logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard regression and the determination of Kaplan–Meier curves, as appropriate. Results: Sixty-six patients were evaluated (NET G1 19.7%, NET G2 75.7%, and NET G3 4.6%), including 45.4% with positive FDG-PET findings. Overall, disease stabilization and a partial response were achieved for 71.2% and 6% of patients, respectively. A long-term response (> 24 months) was observed in 33% of patients. Ki67 was the only predictor of tumor progression (p = 0.03). No significant difference in clinical outcomes was observed between patients with positive or negative FDG-PET findings (median PFS was 24 months and 18 months, respectively, p = 0.337; the disease control rate was 83.3% and 70%, respectively, p = 0.245). Conclusions: Everolimus is a valid therapeutic option for advanced, progressive, well-differentiated NEN, even in patients with positive FDG-PET findings.

[18F]FDG-PET/CT and long-term responses to everolimus in advanced neuroendocrine neoplasia / Rinzivillo, M.; Prosperi, D.; Mazzuca, F.; Magi, L.; Iannicelli, E.; Pilozzi, E.; Franchi, G.; Laghi, A.; Annibale, B.; Signore, A.; Panzuto, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - 44:4(2020), pp. 1-8. [10.1007/s40618-020-01378-3]

[18F]FDG-PET/CT and long-term responses to everolimus in advanced neuroendocrine neoplasia

Rinzivillo M.;Prosperi D.;Mazzuca F.;Magi L.;Iannicelli E.;Pilozzi E.;Franchi G.;Laghi A.;Annibale B.;Signore A.;Panzuto F.
2020

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to identify in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasia (NEN) the potential correlation between FDG-PET findings and responses to everolimus therapy to identify predictors of long-term efficacy. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients with sporadic, advanced, progressive NEN treated with everolimus was performed based on the available data on FDG-PET patients obtained before commencing therapy. Data are expressed as the median (25–75th IQR). Risk factor analysis and survival analysis were performed by logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard regression and the determination of Kaplan–Meier curves, as appropriate. Results: Sixty-six patients were evaluated (NET G1 19.7%, NET G2 75.7%, and NET G3 4.6%), including 45.4% with positive FDG-PET findings. Overall, disease stabilization and a partial response were achieved for 71.2% and 6% of patients, respectively. A long-term response (> 24 months) was observed in 33% of patients. Ki67 was the only predictor of tumor progression (p = 0.03). No significant difference in clinical outcomes was observed between patients with positive or negative FDG-PET findings (median PFS was 24 months and 18 months, respectively, p = 0.337; the disease control rate was 83.3% and 70%, respectively, p = 0.245). Conclusions: Everolimus is a valid therapeutic option for advanced, progressive, well-differentiated NEN, even in patients with positive FDG-PET findings.
18; f-fluorodeoxyglucose pet/ct; everolimus; ki67; long-term response; neuroendocrine neoplasia; tumor progression
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[18F]FDG-PET/CT and long-term responses to everolimus in advanced neuroendocrine neoplasia / Rinzivillo, M.; Prosperi, D.; Mazzuca, F.; Magi, L.; Iannicelli, E.; Pilozzi, E.; Franchi, G.; Laghi, A.; Annibale, B.; Signore, A.; Panzuto, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0391-4097. - 44:4(2020), pp. 1-8. [10.1007/s40618-020-01378-3]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1440640
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