Research evaluation encompasses the practices of assessing research quality and impact at various stages of research. The processes and criteria of research evaluation vary depending on the nature and objectives of the assessment. Different research evaluation systems influence the research strategies of universities and institutes. There are, however, some known issues of research evaluation with regards to the peer review and, most prominently, the use of citation-based metrics, which lead to recent calls for responsible use of metrics. In this paper, we argue that there is a need for ethical theories for considering research evaluation and that research evaluation ethics, as an overlapping area between research ethics and evaluation ethics, deserve its own treatment. The core of the article consists of a discussion of the most influential ethical theories in the context of the research evaluation, including the deontological ethics, the consequentialist ethics and the virtue ethics. The aim is to highlight the need to assume an ethical view that combines the deontological and the consequentialist concepts, adopting ‘common good’ as the most likely pillar for the research evaluation procedures. We propose that the mixed approach would be useful for developing a framework for research evaluation ethics and for analysing ethical approaches and ethical dilemmas in research evaluation.
Ethical Theories in Research Evaluation. An Exploratory Approach / Biagetti, Maria Teresa; Gedutis, Aldis; Ma, Lai. - 2:1(2020). [10.29024/sar.19]
|Titolo:||Ethical Theories in Research Evaluation. An Exploratory Approach|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||Ethical Theories in Research Evaluation. An Exploratory Approach / Biagetti, Maria Teresa; Gedutis, Aldis; Ma, Lai. - 2:1(2020). [10.29024/sar.19]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|