Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs in up to 30% of patients with cirrhosis. HE may be a consequence of pure liver failure, as in patients with fulminant hepatitis, or of the combination of liver failure and portal-systemic shunting, as in patients with liver cirrhosis. Several clinical and pathophysiologic observations suggest the importance of portal-systemic shunts in the development of HE. Episodes of HE are usually related to precipitating events, such as infections or gastrointestinal bleeding; a minority of cirrhotic patients experienced a chronic HE, refractory to standard medical treatment. This latter type of HE should be related to spontaneous or radiological (such as Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)) portal systemic shunts, that could be restricted or occluded in patients with chronic HE. Both TIPS reduction and shunt occlusion are radiological procedures, safe and effective to ameliorate neurological symptoms in patients with refractory HE.
Radiological Intervention for Shunt Related Encephalopathy / Nardelli, S.; Gioia, S.; Ridola, L.; Riggio, O.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0973-6883. - 8:4(2018), pp. 452-459. [10.1016/j.jceh.2018.04.008]
|Titolo:||Radiological Intervention for Shunt Related Encephalopathy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Citazione:||Radiological Intervention for Shunt Related Encephalopathy / Nardelli, S.; Gioia, S.; Ridola, L.; Riggio, O.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0973-6883. - 8:4(2018), pp. 452-459. [10.1016/j.jceh.2018.04.008]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|