Diabetes mellitus (DM) ranks seventh as a cause of death worldwide. Chronic complications, including cardiovascular, renal, and eye disease, as well as DM-associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) account for most of the morbidity and premature mortality in DM. Despite continuous improvements in the management of late complications of DM, significant gaps remain. Therefore, searching for additional strategies to prevent these serious DM-related conditions is of the utmost importance. DM is characterized by a state of low-grade chronic inflammation, which is critical in the progression of complications. Recent clinical trials indicate that targeting the prototypic pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1 β) improves the outcomes of cardiovascular disease, which is the first cause of death in DM patients. Together with IL-18, IL-1β is processed and secreted by the inflammasomes, a class of multiprotein complexes that coordinate inflammatory responses. Several DM-related metabolic factors, including reactive oxygen species, glyco/lipoxidation end products, and cholesterol crystals, have been involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease, and diabetic retinopathy, and in the promoting effect of DM on the onset and progression of atherosclerosis and NAFLD. These metabolic factors are also well-established danger signals capable of regulating inflammasome activity. In addition to presenting the current state of knowledge, this review discusses how the mechanistic understanding of inflammasome regulation by metabolic danger signals may hopefully lead to novel therapeutic strategies targeting inflammation for a more effective treatment of diabetic complications.
The inflammasome in chronic complications of diabetes and related metabolic disorders / Menini, S.; Iacobini, C.; Vitale, M.; Pugliese, G.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 9:8(2020), pp. 1-27.
|Titolo:||The inflammasome in chronic complications of diabetes and related metabolic disorders|
MENINI, Stefano (Co-primo)
IACOBINI, Carla (Co-primo)
PUGLIESE, Giuseppe (Ultimo) (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||The inflammasome in chronic complications of diabetes and related metabolic disorders / Menini, S.; Iacobini, C.; Vitale, M.; Pugliese, G.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 9:8(2020), pp. 1-27.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|