The UV-Index (UVI) is aimed at the prevention of skin cancer as well as other negative implications of ultraviolet radiation exposure. In order to support health related applications, assessments and planning that rely on long term data in high spatial resolution and as there exist only limited ground-based measurements, satellite products from reliable atmospheric monitoring services are used as sustainable data sources to create a climatology of the UVI at the local noon. In this study, the (all-sky) UVI as well as the hypothetically clear-sky UVI were analysed for the European region from 30° North to 65° North and from 25° West to 35° East in a spatial resolution of 0.05° for the time period 1983 to 2015. Maps of the monthly mean UVI provide an overview of the distribution of UVI for Europe as well as the spatial and temporal differences and regional variability at local solar noon. Additionally, eight selected locations provide insight into the effects of latitude and altitude on UVI in Europe. Monthly boxplots for each location provide information about regional differences in the variability of UVI, showing maximum variability in Northern and Central Europe in summer, where in Southern Europe this basically occurs in spring. The frequency of the World Health Organization exposure categories moderate, high and very high UVI is provided based on ten-day means for each month. The maximum difference between mean values per decade of 2006–2015 compared to 1983–1992 ranges from 1.2 to +1.2 for UVI and from 0.4 to +0.6 for UVIclearsky. All locations, except the Northern European site, show an increase of UVI during spring and early summer months. A statistically significant increase in the annual mean all-sky UVI has been found for four sites, which ranges from +1.2% to +3.6% per decade. The latest eleven-year period of the UVI climatology (2005–2015) has been validated with UVI measured in five sites. The sites that are located north of the Alps show an underestimation of the UVI, likely due to the cloud modification. In the south, the UVI climatology provides values that are on average overestimated, possibly related to the use of climatological aerosol information. For the site within the Alps, a switch between underestimation and overestimation during the course of the year has been found. 7% to 9% of the UVI values of the climatology differ from the measured UVI by more than one unit.
UV-Index climatology for Europe based on satellite data / Vitt, Ronja; Laschewski, Gudrun; Bais, Alkiviadis F.; Diémoz, Henri; Fountoulakis, Ilias; Siani, Anna-Maria; Matzarakis, Andreas. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - 11:7(2020).
|Titolo:||UV-Index climatology for Europe based on satellite data|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||UV-Index climatology for Europe based on satellite data / Vitt, Ronja; Laschewski, Gudrun; Bais, Alkiviadis F.; Diémoz, Henri; Fountoulakis, Ilias; Siani, Anna-Maria; Matzarakis, Andreas. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - 11:7(2020).|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|