Dear Editor, healthcare systems worldwide are facing the “Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2” (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic which is responsible for the COrona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) 1. It was first identified in China, in December 2019 and it is responsible for the current outbreak (elevated as Public Health Emergency of International Concern and later to pandemic by the World Health Organization) 1. Due to its rapid diffusion, it is probable that confirmed or suspected COVID-19 patients will eventually need of surgery such as non-infected patients. In many centers, the only possible scenarios will be undeferrable emergency or elective surgeries 2,3. The indication for surgery should be individualized and based on a highly accurate diagnosis, multidisciplinary committees decision and considering the hospital and the affected area conditions 4. Where possible, a non-operative approach could be considered if feasible and always evaluating patient’s risk/benefit 4. Due to the important repercussions that the COVID-19 pandemic is causing, it is important to consider the different scenarios that surgeons might face in their hospitals. To provide useful and practical recommendations for surgical teams in the decision-making process, the Spanish Association of Surgery (Asociación Española de Cirujanos – AEC) established a Working Group of experts named “Surgery-AEC-COVID” 5 which developed the Dynamic Scale for Surgical Activity (DYSSA) (Table 1). It includes five phases, based on the feasibility and suitability of performing elective or emergency surgery for each hospital, that detail the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is based on current literature 2-4 and on the cumulative experience from surgeons and centers after analyzing the situation internationally. In order to validate if DYSSA was a useful scale, applicable to reality, a survey was sent to the AEC and to the European Association for Endoscopic Surgeons (EAES) members. DYSSA resulted “adequate” for 86.8% of the AEC members (427 out of 492 answers) and for 89.1% of the EAES members (271 out of 304 answers) who responded to the survey. Several guidelines are useful for the general management of patients 2-4, however, the aim of the DYSSA is to provide a dynamic classification of the situation of each hospital involved in the pandemic, to be able to help surgeons in the decision-making process, both during the expansion or the restoration of the SARS-CoV-2 infection, and to optimize the available resources. The classification in phases is based on the percentage of hospitalized COVID-19 patients, with detailed recommendations associated with each phase. DYSSA allows addressing patients to the most appropriate hospital in case of resources centralization and to sort patients in the most appropriate hospitals according to the planned surgical strategy at a regional level. In our opinion, DYSSA is a valuable and useful tool to classify scenarios depending on the hospital global situation and to guide surgeons in the prioritization of the operations to perform. It is crucial to highlight that the current pandemic is an unexpected situation that rapidly and continuously evolves, so new and different solutions will have to be considered dynamically.
A dynamic scale for surgical activity (DYSSA) stratification during the COVID-19 pandemic / Morales-Conde, S.; Balla, A.; Alvarez Gallego, M.; Aranda Narvaez, J. M.; Badia, J. M.; Balibrea, J. M.; Garcia-Botella, A.; Guirao, X.; Espin-Basany, E.; Martin-Antona, E.; Perez, E. M.; Martinez Cortijo, S.; Pascual Miguelanez, I.; Perez Diaz, L.; Ramos Rodriguez, J. L.; Rubio Perez, I.; Sanchez Santos, R.; Soria-Aledo, V.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 0007-1323. - (2020).
|Titolo:||A dynamic scale for surgical activity (DYSSA) stratification during the COVID-19 pandemic|
BALLA, ANDREA [Conceptualization] (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Citazione:||A dynamic scale for surgical activity (DYSSA) stratification during the COVID-19 pandemic / Morales-Conde, S.; Balla, A.; Alvarez Gallego, M.; Aranda Narvaez, J. M.; Badia, J. M.; Balibrea, J. M.; Garcia-Botella, A.; Guirao, X.; Espin-Basany, E.; Martin-Antona, E.; Perez, E. M.; Martinez Cortijo, S.; Pascual Miguelanez, I.; Perez Diaz, L.; Ramos Rodriguez, J. L.; Rubio Perez, I.; Sanchez Santos, R.; Soria-Aledo, V.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 0007-1323. - (2020).|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01f Lettera, Nota|