Small-scale landslides affecting insular and coastal volcanoes are a relevant geohazard for the surrounding infrastructures and communities, because they can directly impact them or generate local but devastating tsunamis, as demonstrated by several historical accounts. Here, a review of such landslides and associated predisposing/triggering mechanisms is presented, with particular reference to the submarine volcanic flanks. We take into account, as a case study, the instability phenomena occurring on the Sciara del Fuoco (SdF, hereafter), a 2-km wide subaerial-submarine collapse scar filled by volcaniclastic products, which form the NW flank of the Stromboli volcano. Because of its steepness (> 30 degrees) and the high amount of loose volcanic material funneled from the summit crater towards the sea, the submarine part of the SdF is prone to instability phenomena recurring at different spatial and temporal scale. Particularly, landsides with a volume of some millions of cubic meters, as the 2002 tsunamigenic landslide, can repeatedly affect the submarine slope. Based on the integration of 11 years (2002-2013) of morpho-bathymetric monitoring of the SdF with geotechnical characterization of volcaniclastic and lava flow materials, stability analyses of the subaerial and submarine slope and previous literature studies, we analyze the role of different triggering mechanisms in controlling the occurrence and size of submarine slope failures at the SdF, such as dykes intrusion as occurred in 2002 or the emplacement of a large delta as occurred in 2007.

Small-scale slope instability on the submarine flanks of insular volcanoes. The case-study of the Sciara del Fuoco slope (Stromboli) / Casalbore, D; Passeri, F; Tommasi, P; Verrucci, L; Bosman, A; Romagnoli, C; Chiocci, Fl. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1437-3254. - (2020). [10.1007/s00531-020-01853-5]

Small-scale slope instability on the submarine flanks of insular volcanoes. The case-study of the Sciara del Fuoco slope (Stromboli)

Casalbore, D
;
Passeri, F;Verrucci, L;Bosman, A;Chiocci, FL
2020

Abstract

Small-scale landslides affecting insular and coastal volcanoes are a relevant geohazard for the surrounding infrastructures and communities, because they can directly impact them or generate local but devastating tsunamis, as demonstrated by several historical accounts. Here, a review of such landslides and associated predisposing/triggering mechanisms is presented, with particular reference to the submarine volcanic flanks. We take into account, as a case study, the instability phenomena occurring on the Sciara del Fuoco (SdF, hereafter), a 2-km wide subaerial-submarine collapse scar filled by volcaniclastic products, which form the NW flank of the Stromboli volcano. Because of its steepness (> 30 degrees) and the high amount of loose volcanic material funneled from the summit crater towards the sea, the submarine part of the SdF is prone to instability phenomena recurring at different spatial and temporal scale. Particularly, landsides with a volume of some millions of cubic meters, as the 2002 tsunamigenic landslide, can repeatedly affect the submarine slope. Based on the integration of 11 years (2002-2013) of morpho-bathymetric monitoring of the SdF with geotechnical characterization of volcaniclastic and lava flow materials, stability analyses of the subaerial and submarine slope and previous literature studies, we analyze the role of different triggering mechanisms in controlling the occurrence and size of submarine slope failures at the SdF, such as dykes intrusion as occurred in 2002 or the emplacement of a large delta as occurred in 2007.
2020
multibeam bathymetry; slope stability; tsunamigenic landslide; lava delta; Time-lapse surveys; Stromboli; geotechnical modelling
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Small-scale slope instability on the submarine flanks of insular volcanoes. The case-study of the Sciara del Fuoco slope (Stromboli) / Casalbore, D; Passeri, F; Tommasi, P; Verrucci, L; Bosman, A; Romagnoli, C; Chiocci, Fl. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1437-3254. - (2020). [10.1007/s00531-020-01853-5]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1430681
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