Leptin is the 167 amino-acid protein product of the Lep (obese) gene that is released predominantly from adipose tissue and circulates at levels related to the amount of fat. Leptin expression is hormonally regulated: insulin and glucocorticoids are stimulators, while inhibitors include beta-adrenergic agonists and testosterone. Recently, adenylate cyclase-coupled melanocortin receptors have been identified in murine adipose tissue, the 3T3-L1 adipocyte cell line, and in human fat tissue. These studies prompted us to evaluate the effects of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides on leptin production and expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in culture. 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes differentiated by the insulin/indomethacin (I/I) method produced leptin at levels that were two times higher than those obtained in cells differentiated by the more traditional insulin/dexamethasone/isobutylmethylxanthine (I/D/M) method. By RT-PCR studies, 3T3-L1 cells expressed both the melanocortin 2 receptors (MC2-R) and melanocortin 5 receptors (MC5-R) isoforms of the melanocortin receptor at an early stage of differentiation. When I/I differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated with different concentrations of dibutyryl cAMP (db-cAMP) or POMC-derived peptides (ACTH and alpha-MSH), ACTH and alpha-MSH stimulated cAMP production after 30 min (2-fold increase) associated with a dose-dependent inhibition of leptin secretion (ACTHz.Gt;alpha-MSH; IC(50)=3.2+/-0.4 SE and 36+/-5 nM, respectively), maximal after 3 h of incubation (30% inhibition). In addition, 100 nM ACTH and alpha-MSH induced a 60% reduction in leptin expression by RT-PCR. Incubation of cells with 0.5 mM db-cAMP led to a more prominent inhibition of leptin expression and secretion (up to 80% at 1 and 24 h, respectively). The ACTH and alpha-MSH inhibitory effects on leptin secretion were mediated by activation of the MC2-R and MC5-R and were reversed by the MC-R antagonists ACTH(11-24) and ACTH(7-38). In summary, we have shown that POMC-peptides are potent inhibitors of leptin expression and production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The finding of ACTH/alpha-MSH receptor-induced inhibition of leptin production and expression in adipocytes support the possibility that there is a control mechanism for modulation of adipose tissue function via a melanocortin-leptin axis.

ACTH and alpha-MSH inhibit leptin expression and secretion in 3T3-L1 adipocytes: model for a central-peripheral melanocortin-leptin pathway / D., Norman; Isidori, Andrea; V., Frajese; M., Caprio; S. L., Chew; A. B., Grossman; A. J., Clark; G. M., Besser; A., Fabbri. - In: MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0303-7207. - STAMPA. - 200:1-2(2003), pp. 99-109. [10.1016/S0303-7207(02)00410-0]

ACTH and alpha-MSH inhibit leptin expression and secretion in 3T3-L1 adipocytes: model for a central-peripheral melanocortin-leptin pathway

ISIDORI, Andrea;
2003

Abstract

Leptin is the 167 amino-acid protein product of the Lep (obese) gene that is released predominantly from adipose tissue and circulates at levels related to the amount of fat. Leptin expression is hormonally regulated: insulin and glucocorticoids are stimulators, while inhibitors include beta-adrenergic agonists and testosterone. Recently, adenylate cyclase-coupled melanocortin receptors have been identified in murine adipose tissue, the 3T3-L1 adipocyte cell line, and in human fat tissue. These studies prompted us to evaluate the effects of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides on leptin production and expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in culture. 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes differentiated by the insulin/indomethacin (I/I) method produced leptin at levels that were two times higher than those obtained in cells differentiated by the more traditional insulin/dexamethasone/isobutylmethylxanthine (I/D/M) method. By RT-PCR studies, 3T3-L1 cells expressed both the melanocortin 2 receptors (MC2-R) and melanocortin 5 receptors (MC5-R) isoforms of the melanocortin receptor at an early stage of differentiation. When I/I differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were incubated with different concentrations of dibutyryl cAMP (db-cAMP) or POMC-derived peptides (ACTH and alpha-MSH), ACTH and alpha-MSH stimulated cAMP production after 30 min (2-fold increase) associated with a dose-dependent inhibition of leptin secretion (ACTHz.Gt;alpha-MSH; IC(50)=3.2+/-0.4 SE and 36+/-5 nM, respectively), maximal after 3 h of incubation (30% inhibition). In addition, 100 nM ACTH and alpha-MSH induced a 60% reduction in leptin expression by RT-PCR. Incubation of cells with 0.5 mM db-cAMP led to a more prominent inhibition of leptin expression and secretion (up to 80% at 1 and 24 h, respectively). The ACTH and alpha-MSH inhibitory effects on leptin secretion were mediated by activation of the MC2-R and MC5-R and were reversed by the MC-R antagonists ACTH(11-24) and ACTH(7-38). In summary, we have shown that POMC-peptides are potent inhibitors of leptin expression and production in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The finding of ACTH/alpha-MSH receptor-induced inhibition of leptin production and expression in adipocytes support the possibility that there is a control mechanism for modulation of adipose tissue function via a melanocortin-leptin axis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/142729
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