Introduction: Individuals with euthymic Bipolar Disorder (BD) can experience deteriorated cognitive functioning, with such deterioration being associated with functional impairment. Cognitive remediation (CR) is considered an effective add-on intervention for neuropsychological impairments, but relatively few CR controlled studies have been performed on BD. In the present study the efficacy of a CR intervention designed for the improvement of cognition and functioning in patients with euthymic BD was tested. Methods: Patients (n = 54) with euthymic BD were assigned to receive active (n = 27) or control (n = 27) intervention. The active intervention (i.e. the Cognitive Remediation in Integrated Treatment – CRIIT – protocol) was made of 20 individual sessions focused on the treatment of attention, memory and executive functioning through the COGPACK software; each session was integrated with psychoeducation and rehabilitation interventions implemented through a metacognitive approach aimed at ameliorating personal agency. Results: A significant (p ≤ 0.015) time x group interaction at repeated measures MANOVA was observed on Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Rey Complex Figure Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Trail Making Test, Visual Search, Life Skills Profile, and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Limitations: A single-blind approach was used. Discussion: The results showed that patients undergoing active intervention improved in domains related to executive functions, attention, memory, functioning and impulsivity more significantly than patients undergoing control interventions. This study adds to the evidence that CR improves neurocognition in BD, and suggests that CRIIT protocol represents an add-on intervention of potential relevance to increase cognition and functioning in BD euthymic patients.

Cognitive remediation for the treatment of neuropsychological disturbances in subjects with euthymic bipolar disorder: findings from a controlled study / Bernabei, L.; Bersani, FRANCESCO SAVERIO; Pompili, E.; Delle Chiaie, R.; Valente, D.; Corrado, A.; Vergnani, L.; Ferracuti, S.; Biondi, M.; Coccanari de'Fornari, M. A.. - In: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 0165-0327. - 273:(2020), pp. 576-585. [10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.073]

Cognitive remediation for the treatment of neuropsychological disturbances in subjects with euthymic bipolar disorder: findings from a controlled study

Bernabei L.;Bersani Francesco Saverio;Valente D.;Corrado A.;Vergnani L.;Ferracuti S.;Biondi M.;Coccanari de'Fornari M. A.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: Individuals with euthymic Bipolar Disorder (BD) can experience deteriorated cognitive functioning, with such deterioration being associated with functional impairment. Cognitive remediation (CR) is considered an effective add-on intervention for neuropsychological impairments, but relatively few CR controlled studies have been performed on BD. In the present study the efficacy of a CR intervention designed for the improvement of cognition and functioning in patients with euthymic BD was tested. Methods: Patients (n = 54) with euthymic BD were assigned to receive active (n = 27) or control (n = 27) intervention. The active intervention (i.e. the Cognitive Remediation in Integrated Treatment – CRIIT – protocol) was made of 20 individual sessions focused on the treatment of attention, memory and executive functioning through the COGPACK software; each session was integrated with psychoeducation and rehabilitation interventions implemented through a metacognitive approach aimed at ameliorating personal agency. Results: A significant (p ≤ 0.015) time x group interaction at repeated measures MANOVA was observed on Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Rey Complex Figure Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Trail Making Test, Visual Search, Life Skills Profile, and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. Limitations: A single-blind approach was used. Discussion: The results showed that patients undergoing active intervention improved in domains related to executive functions, attention, memory, functioning and impulsivity more significantly than patients undergoing control interventions. This study adds to the evidence that CR improves neurocognition in BD, and suggests that CRIIT protocol represents an add-on intervention of potential relevance to increase cognition and functioning in BD euthymic patients.
Bipolar disorder; Cognitive remediation; Functional remediation; Mood disorders; Neurocognition
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Cognitive remediation for the treatment of neuropsychological disturbances in subjects with euthymic bipolar disorder: findings from a controlled study / Bernabei, L.; Bersani, FRANCESCO SAVERIO; Pompili, E.; Delle Chiaie, R.; Valente, D.; Corrado, A.; Vergnani, L.; Ferracuti, S.; Biondi, M.; Coccanari de'Fornari, M. A.. - In: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 0165-0327. - 273:(2020), pp. 576-585. [10.1016/j.jad.2020.05.073]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1427285
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