Protein glycosylation modulates a wide variety of intracellular events and dysfunction of the glycosylation pathway has been reported in a variety of human pathologies. Endo-apyrases have been suggested to have critical roles in protein glycosylation and sugar metabolism. However, deciphering the physiological relevance of Endo-apyrases activity has actually proved difficult, owing to their complexity and the functional redundancy within the family. We report here that a UDP/GDPase, homologous to the human apyrase Scan-1, is present in the membranes of Caenorhabditis elegans, encoded by the ORF F08C6.6 and hereinafter-named APY-1. We showed that ER stress induced by tunicamycin or high temperature resulted in increased transcription of apy-1. This increase was not observed in C. elegans mutants defective in ire-1 or atf-6, demonstrating the requirement of both ER stress sensors for up-regulation of apy-1. Depletion of APY-1 resulted in constitutively activated unfolded protein response. Defects in the pharynx and impaired organization of thin fibers in muscle cells were observed in adult worms depleted of APY-1. Some of the apy-1(RNAi) phenotypes are suggestive of premature aging, because these animals also showed accumulation of lipofuscin and reduced lifespan that was not dependent on the functioning of DAF-2, the receptor of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway.

APY-1, a novel Caenorhabditis elegans apyrase involved in unfolded protein response signalling and stress responses / Uccelletti, Daniela; Arianna, Pascoli; F., Farina; A., Alberti; Mancini, Patrizia; C. B., Hirschberg; Palleschi, Claudio. - In: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL. - ISSN 1059-1524. - STAMPA. - 19:4(2008), pp. 1337-1345. [10.1091/mbc.e07-06-0547]

APY-1, a novel Caenorhabditis elegans apyrase involved in unfolded protein response signalling and stress responses

UCCELLETTI, Daniela;MANCINI, Patrizia;PALLESCHI, Claudio
2008

Abstract

Protein glycosylation modulates a wide variety of intracellular events and dysfunction of the glycosylation pathway has been reported in a variety of human pathologies. Endo-apyrases have been suggested to have critical roles in protein glycosylation and sugar metabolism. However, deciphering the physiological relevance of Endo-apyrases activity has actually proved difficult, owing to their complexity and the functional redundancy within the family. We report here that a UDP/GDPase, homologous to the human apyrase Scan-1, is present in the membranes of Caenorhabditis elegans, encoded by the ORF F08C6.6 and hereinafter-named APY-1. We showed that ER stress induced by tunicamycin or high temperature resulted in increased transcription of apy-1. This increase was not observed in C. elegans mutants defective in ire-1 or atf-6, demonstrating the requirement of both ER stress sensors for up-regulation of apy-1. Depletion of APY-1 resulted in constitutively activated unfolded protein response. Defects in the pharynx and impaired organization of thin fibers in muscle cells were observed in adult worms depleted of APY-1. Some of the apy-1(RNAi) phenotypes are suggestive of premature aging, because these animals also showed accumulation of lipofuscin and reduced lifespan that was not dependent on the functioning of DAF-2, the receptor of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/141819
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