Purpose: Adrenal incidentalomas (AI) are discovered after work-up unrelated to adrenal gland diseases; up to 30% of AI show subclinical endogenous cortisol excess (SH), frequently associated to hypertension, obesity, metabolic disorders and increased incidence of cardiovascular events (CVEs). Methods: We analysed 628 AI patients divided into two groups: 471 non-functional adrenal adenoma (NFA) and 157 SH. All patients underwent complete examinations, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, biohumoral parameters and vascular damage markers, such as c-IMT and ankle brachial index. After long-term follow-up, we registered newly onset of CVEs such as myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous stenting and surgical bypass (PTA/CABG), stroke, overall/cardiovascular mortality. Moreover, SH patients underwent to surgical (SSH) or pharmacological treatment (MSH). Results: SH patients showed higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and previous CVEs respect NFA at baseline. After follow-up MSH group showed higher recurrence of major CV events compared with NFA and SSH (RR 2.27 MSH vs NFA for MI; RR 2.30 MSH vs NFA for PTA/CABG; RR 2.41 MSH vs NFA for stroke). In SSH there was a significant reduction of the number of antihypertensive medications needed to reach target blood pressure levels (2.3 ± 1.0 to 1.5 ± 0.4 drugs). None differences were found in SH patients, distinguished in relation to cortisol plasma levels after dexamethasone suppression test (1.8–5 µg/dL, above 5 µg/dL). Conclusions: SH is linked to relevant cardiovascular and metabolic alterations, leading to worsen clinical outcomes. In eligible patients, adrenalectomy is valid and safe option to treat SH, reducing cardiometabolic abnormalities.

Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in patients with subclinical Cushing / Petramala, L.; Olmati, F.; Concistre, A.; Russo, R.; Mezzadri, M.; Soldini, M.; De Vincentis, G.; Iannucci, G.; De Toma, G.; Letizia, C.. - In: ENDOCRINE. - ISSN 1355-008X. - (2020). [10.1007/s12020-020-02297-2]

Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in patients with subclinical Cushing

Petramala L.;Olmati F.;Concistre A.;Russo R.;Mezzadri M.;Soldini M.;De Vincentis G.;Iannucci G.;De Toma G.;Letizia C.
2020

Abstract

Purpose: Adrenal incidentalomas (AI) are discovered after work-up unrelated to adrenal gland diseases; up to 30% of AI show subclinical endogenous cortisol excess (SH), frequently associated to hypertension, obesity, metabolic disorders and increased incidence of cardiovascular events (CVEs). Methods: We analysed 628 AI patients divided into two groups: 471 non-functional adrenal adenoma (NFA) and 157 SH. All patients underwent complete examinations, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, biohumoral parameters and vascular damage markers, such as c-IMT and ankle brachial index. After long-term follow-up, we registered newly onset of CVEs such as myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous stenting and surgical bypass (PTA/CABG), stroke, overall/cardiovascular mortality. Moreover, SH patients underwent to surgical (SSH) or pharmacological treatment (MSH). Results: SH patients showed higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and previous CVEs respect NFA at baseline. After follow-up MSH group showed higher recurrence of major CV events compared with NFA and SSH (RR 2.27 MSH vs NFA for MI; RR 2.30 MSH vs NFA for PTA/CABG; RR 2.41 MSH vs NFA for stroke). In SSH there was a significant reduction of the number of antihypertensive medications needed to reach target blood pressure levels (2.3 ± 1.0 to 1.5 ± 0.4 drugs). None differences were found in SH patients, distinguished in relation to cortisol plasma levels after dexamethasone suppression test (1.8–5 µg/dL, above 5 µg/dL). Conclusions: SH is linked to relevant cardiovascular and metabolic alterations, leading to worsen clinical outcomes. In eligible patients, adrenalectomy is valid and safe option to treat SH, reducing cardiometabolic abnormalities.
2020
Atherosclerosis; Cardiovascular risk; Glucose metabolism; Metabolic syndrome; Subclinical Cushing
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in patients with subclinical Cushing / Petramala, L.; Olmati, F.; Concistre, A.; Russo, R.; Mezzadri, M.; Soldini, M.; De Vincentis, G.; Iannucci, G.; De Toma, G.; Letizia, C.. - In: ENDOCRINE. - ISSN 1355-008X. - (2020). [10.1007/s12020-020-02297-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1417269
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