The classification scheme of granitic pegmatites currently in vogue is largely an offshoot of the depth-zone classification of granitic rocks. We propose instead a focus on petrogenetic processes at work, and extend it to pegmatites in silica-saturated and -undersaturated systems. Small-scale bodies of pegmatites are encountered in metamorphic systems undergoing anatexis, as temperature is rising regionally. We include a newly recognized category of corundum-bearing anatectic felsic pegmatite formed in mantle peridotite earlier subjected to a metasomatic overprint by a mixed H2O + CO2 fluid. The bulk of the pegmatite bodies encountered are not obviously of anatectic origin, but are derived by fractionation of pluton-size batches of felsic magma. We consider LCT (Li–Cs–Ta-enriched) pegmatites to be members of orogenic (calc-alkaline suites) formed in a subduction setting; in contrast, NYF (Nb–Y–F-enriched) pegmatites, are affiliated with anorogenic suites, formed in an extensional setting, and really not fundamentally different in petrogenetic lineage from suites in silica-undersaturated systems, including carbonatites. Both LCT and NYF types involve magmas containing crust and mantle components, but in the case of anorogenic magmatism, a metasomatic ground-preparation by a mantle-derived H2O + CO2 fluid phase precedes large-scale melting, to assure a product having alkaline tendencies. A primary NYF–LCT signature may occur in shoshonitic suites. Finally, we discuss hybrid pegmatites in which an NYF pegmatitic system takes on a LCT-like overprint owing to contamination from local sources. The possibility of an LCT pegmatite also being affected by an LCT-type overprint, to form a “super-LCT pegmatite” is explored briefly. Proper documentation of the petrogenetic processes at work is essential in assessing the economic potential of pegmatite occurrences.
The patterns of enrichment in felsic pegmatites ultimately depend on tectonic setting / MARTIN R., F; DE VITO, Caterina. - In: CANADIAN MINERALOGIST. - ISSN 0008-4476. - STAMPA. - 43(2005), pp. 2027-2048. [10.2113/gscanmin.43.6.2027]
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|Titolo:||The patterns of enrichment in felsic pegmatites ultimately depend on tectonic setting|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Citazione:||The patterns of enrichment in felsic pegmatites ultimately depend on tectonic setting / MARTIN R., F; DE VITO, Caterina. - In: CANADIAN MINERALOGIST. - ISSN 0008-4476. - STAMPA. - 43(2005), pp. 2027-2048. [10.2113/gscanmin.43.6.2027]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|