The processes of metropolization of the territory foster the phenomena of spatial polarization that determines a growing state of economic and social fragility of the “inner peripheries” connected to infrastructure and environmental problems. In this context, the scientific debate and political agendas highlight the centrality of mobility, which redesign the “fast and slow areas” of the countries, the access to services and the potential for sustainable development, feeding or weakening the vital lymph of the territory, the flows of people and goods. The Right to Mobility, aimed to guarantee connections and accessibility, constitutes a fundamental part of a regeneration strategy to ensure a new urban welfare, within the framework of the resilience tracks for fragile territories. In this context, the reflexion illustrated in this document is part of the research activity that the group of academics of the Universities La Sapienza, Roma Tre, UCLM and UPC are developing in the framework of urban and territorial regeneration issues, deepening the relationships between urban planning mobility, infrastructures and territorial regeneration and highlighting the challenges fostered by the presence of dismissed railways. The research entitled “Resilience routes. Reuse and relaunch of minor railroads for the regeneration of fragile territories. Experiences in Italy and Spain” address the reactivation of underutilized or disused minor railway lines, through an integrated approach, moving from “landscapes of waste” to structuring axes of socio-economic and environmental rebalancing, as well as morphological reconfiguration and landscape valorization. The proposal, based on the contextualization of the on-going dynamics in Italy and Spain, such as the marginalization of the “aree interne” and the “España vacía”, aims to identify new methodological and operational references, through the definition of guidelines for the reactivation and reuse of minor railway networks, in line with policies and programs aimed at responding to divestment processes of infrastructures. The research adopts three consolidated perspectives within the framework of the urban debate to analyze the phenomena of “fragilization” and cases of plans and projects, in consistence with the policies and programs: - a "structural" perspective, which identifies the regeneration of the railway network as an opportunity for the socioeconomic revitalization of marginal areas, based on a reactivation of the public service towards a “right to mobility”; - a "morphological and landscape" perspective, based on the deepening of the form as a cognitive and planning tool to interpret the identity of places and enjoyment as an indispensable element to govern the perception of the territory, which focuses on the osmotic relationship between infrastructure and landscape; - an “ecological and environmental” perspective, which considers the regeneration of railways as an opportunity for sustainable development, which suggests the transformation into integrated green networks fostering new forms of slow mobility and collective ecological values. In this framework, moving within an inductive and iterative research process, the document summarizes the first results of the research that underline the need for new integrated and intercalar planning categories for infrastructure networks: rapid mobility corridors, tourist railroads, green ways, new operational criteria that identify the roads as "regeneration figures" that put in synergy ordinary and extraordinary tools, multilevel public and private resources, long, medium and short term scenarios, as well as new international and multilevel forms of network and services management.

Derecho a la movilidad y rutas de resiliencia. Reutilización y relanzamiento de ferrocarriles secundarios para la regeneración de territorios frágiles en italia y españa / Amato, Chiara; Ravagnan, Chiara; Rossi, Francesca; Maria de Urena, Josè. - (2019), pp. 1-17. [10.5821/ctv.8527]

Derecho a la movilidad y rutas de resiliencia. Reutilización y relanzamiento de ferrocarriles secundarios para la regeneración de territorios frágiles en italia y españa

Chiara Amato;Chiara Ravagnan;Francesca Rossi;
2019

Abstract

The processes of metropolization of the territory foster the phenomena of spatial polarization that determines a growing state of economic and social fragility of the “inner peripheries” connected to infrastructure and environmental problems. In this context, the scientific debate and political agendas highlight the centrality of mobility, which redesign the “fast and slow areas” of the countries, the access to services and the potential for sustainable development, feeding or weakening the vital lymph of the territory, the flows of people and goods. The Right to Mobility, aimed to guarantee connections and accessibility, constitutes a fundamental part of a regeneration strategy to ensure a new urban welfare, within the framework of the resilience tracks for fragile territories. In this context, the reflexion illustrated in this document is part of the research activity that the group of academics of the Universities La Sapienza, Roma Tre, UCLM and UPC are developing in the framework of urban and territorial regeneration issues, deepening the relationships between urban planning mobility, infrastructures and territorial regeneration and highlighting the challenges fostered by the presence of dismissed railways. The research entitled “Resilience routes. Reuse and relaunch of minor railroads for the regeneration of fragile territories. Experiences in Italy and Spain” address the reactivation of underutilized or disused minor railway lines, through an integrated approach, moving from “landscapes of waste” to structuring axes of socio-economic and environmental rebalancing, as well as morphological reconfiguration and landscape valorization. The proposal, based on the contextualization of the on-going dynamics in Italy and Spain, such as the marginalization of the “aree interne” and the “España vacía”, aims to identify new methodological and operational references, through the definition of guidelines for the reactivation and reuse of minor railway networks, in line with policies and programs aimed at responding to divestment processes of infrastructures. The research adopts three consolidated perspectives within the framework of the urban debate to analyze the phenomena of “fragilization” and cases of plans and projects, in consistence with the policies and programs: - a "structural" perspective, which identifies the regeneration of the railway network as an opportunity for the socioeconomic revitalization of marginal areas, based on a reactivation of the public service towards a “right to mobility”; - a "morphological and landscape" perspective, based on the deepening of the form as a cognitive and planning tool to interpret the identity of places and enjoyment as an indispensable element to govern the perception of the territory, which focuses on the osmotic relationship between infrastructure and landscape; - an “ecological and environmental” perspective, which considers the regeneration of railways as an opportunity for sustainable development, which suggests the transformation into integrated green networks fostering new forms of slow mobility and collective ecological values. In this framework, moving within an inductive and iterative research process, the document summarizes the first results of the research that underline the need for new integrated and intercalar planning categories for infrastructure networks: rapid mobility corridors, tourist railroads, green ways, new operational criteria that identify the roads as "regeneration figures" that put in synergy ordinary and extraordinary tools, multilevel public and private resources, long, medium and short term scenarios, as well as new international and multilevel forms of network and services management.
Los procesos de metropolización del territorio impulsan los fenómenos de polarización espacial que determina un estado creciente de fragilidad económica y social de las “inner peripheries” conectado a problemas infraestructurales y medioambientales. En este contexto, el debate científico y las agendas políticas destacan la centralidad de los temas relacionados con la movilidad, que rediseñan las zonas rápidas y las zonas lentas de los países, el acceso a los servicios y el potencial de desarrollo sostenible, alimentando o debilitando la sangre vital del territorio, los flujos de personas y bienes. El Derecho a la Movilidad, finalizado a garantizar conexiones y accesibilidad, constituye una parte fundamental de una estrategia de regeneración dirigida a asegurar un nuevo welfare urbano, en el marco de las rutas de resiliencia para los territorios frágiles. La reflexión ilustrada en esta ponencia es parte de la actividad de investigación que el grupo de académicos de las Universidades Sapienza, Roma Tre, UCLM y UPC están tratando sobre el tema de la regeneración urbana y territorial, poniendo en el centro el tema de las relaciones que existen entre urbanismo, infraestructuras para la movilidad y regeneración territorial, destacando los retos que plantea la presencia de redes ferroviarias en desmantelamiento. Específicamente, la investigación intitulada Rutas de resiliencia. Reutilización y relanzamiento de ferrocarriles menores para la regeneración de los territorios frágiles. Experiencias en Italia y España aborda la reactivación de líneas ferroviarias menores en desuso, a través de un enfoque integrado, desde paisajes del descarte a ejes estructurantes de reequilibrio socio-económico y medioambiental, así como de reconfiguración morfólogica y de valorización paisajística. La propuesta, a partir de la contextualización de las dinámicas en curso en Italia y España, como la marginalización de las “aree interne” y de la “España vacía”, persigue el objetivo de identificar nuevas referencias metodológicas y operativas, a través de la definición de enfoques para la reactivación y reutilización de redes ferroviarias menores, en línea con las políticas y los programas orientados a responder a los procesos de desmantelamiento infraestructural. La investigación adopta tres perspectivas consolidadas en el marco del debate urbanístico para analizar los fenómenos de fragilización y las experiencias de planes y proyectos, en coherencia con las políticas y los programas: - una perspectiva “estructural”, que identifica el relanzamiento de los ferrocarriles como oportunidad para la revitalización socioeconómica de áreas marginales, a partir de una reactivación del servicio público, desde el “derecho a la movilidad”; - una perspectiva “morfológica y paisajística”, que centra la atención en la relación osmótica entre infraestructura y paisaje, a partir del reconocimiento de la forma como una herramienta cognitiva y de planificación para interpretar la identidad de los lugares y el disfrute como elemento indispensable para gobernar la percepción del territorio; - una perspectiva “ecológica y medioambiental”, que considera la regeneración de la red ferroviaria como una oportunidad para el desarrollo sostenible, que sugiere la transformación en redes integradas verdes, portadoras de nuevas formas de movilidad sostenible y valores ecológicos colectivos. En este marco, a partir de un proceso inductivo e iterativo de investigación, el documento sintetiza los primeros resultados de la investigación que subrayan la necesidad de nuevas categorías de planificación integrada e interescalar para la planificación de redes de infraestructura: corredores de movilidad rápida, ferrocarriles turísticos, vías verdes, nuevos criterios operativos que identifican los trazados como "figuras de regeneración" que ponen en sinergia herramientas ordinarias y extraordinarias, recursos públicos y privados multinivel, escenarios a largo, medio y corto plazo, nuevas formas de gestión de redes y de servicios internacionales y multinivel.
urban regeneration; mobility; resilience
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Derecho a la movilidad y rutas de resiliencia. Reutilización y relanzamiento de ferrocarriles secundarios para la regeneración de territorios frágiles en italia y españa / Amato, Chiara; Ravagnan, Chiara; Rossi, Francesca; Maria de Urena, Josè. - (2019), pp. 1-17. [10.5821/ctv.8527]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1415038
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