In this study, 31 racemates of Nα-FMOC (fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl) amino acids (AAs) with different chemico-physical characteristics (neutral nonpolar, neutral polar, acidic and basic) have been successfully resolved in fast enantioselective chromatography on recently-developed zwitterionic-teicoplanin chiral stationary phases (CSPs). The CSPs were prepared by covalently bonding the teicoplanin selector on fully-porous particles of narrow dispersion particle-size distribution (particle diameter 1.9 µm) and superficially-porous particles (2.0 µm). Both the zwitterionic-teicoplanin CSPs have proved to be ideal media for the separation of this important class of compounds. In particular, the zwitterionic CSP prepared on superficially-porous particles exhibited superior enantioselectivity and resolution, compared to that made of fully porous particles, in virtue of more favorable thermodynamics. The zwitterionic nature of these CSPs allowed avoiding the annoying effect of Donnan's exclusion of enantiomers from the stationary phase. This effect, on the opposite, was frequently observed on a commercial teicoplanin CSP (Teicoshell) employed for comparative purposes. Noticeably, on the zwitterionic-teicoplanin CSPs, by using either acetonitrile- or methanol-rich mobile phases (MPs), it was possible to favor speed over enantioresolution and vice versa. This work gives further replies to the request for rapid determination of enantiomeric excess of Nα-FMOC proteinogenic (and non–proteinogenic) AAs, typically used as preferred chiral synthons in the solid-phase synthesis of therapeutic peptides.

High–throughput enantioseparation of Nα–fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl proteinogenic amino acids through fast chiral chromatography on zwitterionic-teicoplanin stationary phases / Mazzoccanti, G.; Manetto, S.; Ricci, A.; Cabri, W.; Orlandin, A.; Catani, M.; Felletti, S.; Cavazzini, A.; Ye, M.; Ritchie, H.; Villani, C.; Gasparrini, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A. - ISSN 0021-9673. - 1624:(2020). [10.1016/j.chroma.2020.461235]

High–throughput enantioseparation of Nα–fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl proteinogenic amino acids through fast chiral chromatography on zwitterionic-teicoplanin stationary phases

Mazzoccanti G.
Primo
;
Manetto S.;Villani C.;Gasparrini F.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

In this study, 31 racemates of Nα-FMOC (fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl) amino acids (AAs) with different chemico-physical characteristics (neutral nonpolar, neutral polar, acidic and basic) have been successfully resolved in fast enantioselective chromatography on recently-developed zwitterionic-teicoplanin chiral stationary phases (CSPs). The CSPs were prepared by covalently bonding the teicoplanin selector on fully-porous particles of narrow dispersion particle-size distribution (particle diameter 1.9 µm) and superficially-porous particles (2.0 µm). Both the zwitterionic-teicoplanin CSPs have proved to be ideal media for the separation of this important class of compounds. In particular, the zwitterionic CSP prepared on superficially-porous particles exhibited superior enantioselectivity and resolution, compared to that made of fully porous particles, in virtue of more favorable thermodynamics. The zwitterionic nature of these CSPs allowed avoiding the annoying effect of Donnan's exclusion of enantiomers from the stationary phase. This effect, on the opposite, was frequently observed on a commercial teicoplanin CSP (Teicoshell) employed for comparative purposes. Noticeably, on the zwitterionic-teicoplanin CSPs, by using either acetonitrile- or methanol-rich mobile phases (MPs), it was possible to favor speed over enantioresolution and vice versa. This work gives further replies to the request for rapid determination of enantiomeric excess of Nα-FMOC proteinogenic (and non–proteinogenic) AAs, typically used as preferred chiral synthons in the solid-phase synthesis of therapeutic peptides.
chiral synthons; Nα-FMOC (proteinogenic) amino acids; superficially-porous CSPs; zwitterionic-teicoplanin CSPs
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High–throughput enantioseparation of Nα–fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl proteinogenic amino acids through fast chiral chromatography on zwitterionic-teicoplanin stationary phases / Mazzoccanti, G.; Manetto, S.; Ricci, A.; Cabri, W.; Orlandin, A.; Catani, M.; Felletti, S.; Cavazzini, A.; Ye, M.; Ritchie, H.; Villani, C.; Gasparrini, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A. - ISSN 0021-9673. - 1624:(2020). [10.1016/j.chroma.2020.461235]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1414243
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